motivation in reference to the goalGives control to followers and refrains from intervening with unnecessary social inputDevelopment LevelsAnother part of the SLII Model concerns the development level of followersThis determines whether a person has mastered the skills to achieve a specific goal and whether a person has developed a positive attitude concerning the goalD1: Level 1Followers are new to a goal, not sure how to do it but excited for the challengeD2: Level 2Followers have some competence but low commitmentD3: Level 3Followers have developed skills for the job but lack the motivation to carry it outD4: Level 4Followers have the skills and motivation to accomplish the goalSituational Approach: Strengths and Criticisms Strengths:The approach has history of usefulness in the marketplacePractical, easy to understand and easily applied to different scenariosPrescriptive valueEmphasizes leader flexibility: leaders look at the followers’ needs and adjust theirleadership style accordinglyCriticismsOnly a few studies have been conducted to prove the effectiveness of this approachSubjective: ambiguous conceptualization of the followers’ development levelsFails to account for how certain demographics affect the prescriptions of the model UNIT 6: Path-Goal Approach
UNIT 7: Transformational LeadershipTransformation Leadership – the process whereby a person engages with others and creates a connection that raises the level of motivation and morality in both the leader and followersGhandi is an excellent example of a transformational leader as he raises the hopes and demands for millions of his people, and in the process, was changed himselfPseudo-transformational Leadership – refers to leaders who are self-consumed, exploitive and power-oriented, with warped moral valuesTransformational Leadership and CharismaCharismatic leaders have characteristics including: dominance, strong desire to influence, self-confidence and having a strong sense of one’s own moral valuesTransformational Leadership FactorsIdealized influence –leaders who act as role models for followersInspiration motivation – Inspiring followers through motivationIntellectual stimulation – when the leader stimulates followers to be more creative and innovative and to challenge their own beliefs and values, as well as those of the leader and organizationIndividualized consideration – leaders who provide a supportive climate so they can tend to the individual needs of followers; leaders use delegation to help followers grow from personal challenges.Transactional Leadership Factors
The transactional leader does no individualize followers or focus on their personal developmentContingent reward – an exchange process between leaders and followers in which effortby followers is exchanged for specified rewardsManagement-by-Exception – leadership that involves corrective criticism, negative feedback, and negative reinforcement.
- Fall '13
- Trait viewpoint