2002 andrew carnie syntax problem sets 25 6 h

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©2002, Andrew Carnie
Syntax: Problem Sets 25 6. H UNGARIAN (Data from Szabolcsi 1994) In the text above, we argued that the structure of genitive constructions in English looks like: DP DP D' possessor D NP ’s N' N possessed Consider the follow data from Hungarian. Does the possessor DP appear in the same place as the English ones?
In traditional grammar, two different kinds of T are distinguished: modals and auxiliaries. Modals include words like can, must, should, would, could, may , ©2002, Andrew Carnie
Syntax: Problem Sets 26 and in some dialects shall and will . Auxiliary verbs, by contrast, include such words as have (and all its allomorphs such as has and had ), and be (and all of its allomorphs: is, are, been, was, were , etc.) In this book, we’ve been treating modals and auxiliaries as both being members of the category T. Many linguists, believe that in fact, only modals are really of category T, and that auxiliaries are real verbs. They claim that an auxiliary and verb combination such as “is running” is actually a stacked set of VPs: VP V' V VP is V' V running Construct an argument in favor of the idea that modals are of category T, but auxiliaries are really verbs. Assume the following: You may have as many V categories as you like, but there is only one T in any tensed clause’s tree. ©2002, Andrew Carnie
Syntax: Problem Sets 27 C HAPTER 7 1. S INHALA 12 (Data from Gair 1970) Two forms of the Sinhala verb appear in the data below and are identified in the glosses as A or B. 1) Provide a complete -grid (theta grid) for each of the verbs in the following data. Be sure to primarily look at the second line of each piece of data, not the English translation. 2) Indicate what theta role is assigned to what NP. 3) Discuss briefly (no more than 2 sentences) what kind of NP the suffix - attaches to. 4) What is the difference between mam ´ and ma ˇ´ ? (Hint: the answer to this question is related to the answer to question (3)). 5) In terms of roles, what is the difference between the A and the B verb forms? a) Mam ´ kawi ki ´ n ´ wa. ˇ´

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