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Determine which employees are covered by collective

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determine which employees are covered by collective agreements affect the degree of trade union influence in the organisation affect the degree of direct and indirect worker participation in management decisions affect the degree of conflict between trade unions o whether to give preference to collective bargaining through an employers’ organisation o specialisation/devolution when it comes to collective bargaining o whether management should negotiate with more than one trade union (especially minority trade unions) o whether management should follow the closed shop or agency shop principle o whether management should join an employers’ organisation o whether management should negotiate with trade unions at different levels (for example, also to participate actively at a national level when "social contracts" are being negotiated Factors/variables to be taken into account: o the national economy o the nature of the industry o legislation o historical variables o trade union representation levels o policy/strategy and organisation o the scope of the trade union's registration o competition between trade unions Decisions on centralization or decentralization of employment relations should be integrated with broader orgnaisation policy concerning centralization or decentralization in general “Goal setting and formulation of business plans are essential in order to ensure implementation of employment relations strategy and policy”. Discuss this statement critically and indicate how various business strategies can influence employment relations. Illustrate by means of practical examples Objectives and plans essential to link planning/control over implementation of what was planned Objectives and related plans essential in directing conduct of parties over time Business plan = document detailing activities / how / when objectives will be achieved Specific detailed business plan for labour relations must be drawn up Objectives would stem from and relate to: o Mission o Reason/goal of labour relations management o Generic, grand and functional strategies Business plan focus areas (CPAs) may relate to any item arising from strategic decision taken about labour relations management Explain what different types of collective bargaining involve and indicate which one is most appropriate for South African conditions Distributive bargaining One party is winner and other loser Negotiation tactics based on emotional elements Often occur in South Africa Integrative bargaining Joint problem solving approach Aims of opposing parties can be integrated Both parties winners
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8 Should be used in South Africa Attitudinal structuring Plan to facilitate bargaining Change of attitudes of party and nature on encounter Intra-organisational bargaining Requires continual adjustment/readjustment before/during negotiations by opposing parties Patterned bargaining Limit boundaries within which bargaining take place Interest bargaining
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