Their goal may be to minimize the amount of time and

This preview shows page 7 - 10 out of 68 pages.

Their goal may be to minimize the amount of time and emotion they devote to parenting o They require little of their children and rarely bother to correct their behaviour or place clear limits on what they are allowed to do o They have little emotional attachment to them These four parenting styles can be understood as custom complexes o A custom complex consists of a typical cultural practice and the beliefs underlying it
Research on parent’s child-rearing goals shows that American parents tend to value independence highly as a quality that they to promote in their children o Authoritarian parenting clearly discourages independence, but the other three parenting styles – authoritative, permissive, and disengaged - reflect parents believes that it is good for adolescents to learn autonomy o Autonomy is to learn to be independent and self-sufficient , to learn to think for themselves and be responsible for their own behaviour Authoritative parents promote autonomy in positive ways through encouraging discussion and give-and-take that teaches adolescents to think independently and make mature decisions. Permissive and disengaged parents promote this outcome in a negative way—that is, through the absence of restraint that allows adolescents a great deal of autonomy without parental guidance. The Effects of Parenting Styles on Adolescents Authoritative parenting is associated with the most favourable outcomes, at least by American standards o Adolescents who have authoritative parents tend to be independent, self-assured, creative, socially skilled, get along well with peer and adults, do well in school, develop optimism and self-regulation All of the other parenting styles are associated with some sort of negative outcome Adolescents with authoritarian parents tend to be dependent, passive and conforming. o They are often less self-assured, less creative, and less socially adept than other adolescents Adolescents with permissive parents tend to be immature and irresponsible o They are more likely than other adolescents to conform to their peers Adolescents with disengaged parents tend to be impulsive. o Partly as a consequence of their impulsiveness, and partly because disengaged parents do little to monitor their activities, adolescents with disengaged parents tend to have higher rates of problems such as delinquency, early sexual involvement, and use of drugs and alcohol Authoritative parents tend to be better for adolescents for a number of reasons o Adolescents must be able to move into adult roles after adolescence and they need to be given a greater amount of responsibility. At the same time, they lack the experience with the world and with their own impulses and abilities that adults
have, consequently and excess of autonomy may leave them aimless or lead them into harm o Authoritative parenting achieves a balance between allowing enough autonomy for adolescents to develop their capacities and at the same time requiring them to

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture