The races cursus 2 horse chariot biga 4 horse chariot

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The races (Cursus) 2 horse chariot (biga) 4 horse chariot (quadriga) Driver stood on an axel, and wrapped reigns around his neck, also carried a knife to cut the reigns in case he fell The races: Began with pompa followed by: Charioteers Musicans and dancers Priests carrying statues of gods They drew lots for position. The race began when the sponsor dropped a white cloth (mappa) Up to 12 teams could race at one time The distance was 7 laps or 5.4 miles Strategy Avoid running fast at beginning Hold good position Round turning post as close as ossible without hitting them Egg and dolphin counters used to keep track of laps completed Winners were given a palm branch and a wreath as well as monetary rewards Gaius Appuleius Diocles Highest paid athlete in history (15 billion dollars) Considered the champion of champions Born in Portugal or lustania Began in 122 AD when he was 18 Raced for the whites green and reds Stats of diocles: Won 1462 out of 4257 (34%) Placed second 861 times (half combined) Nine hores earned title of centenari (100 wins) He had a pompeianus (200 win horse) ROMAN BALL GAMES: Two types of balls: Non bouncing: The trigon (made form linen and hair) Pila Paganica (non-bouncing linen balls) Harpstrum(non bouncing linen balls)
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Bouncing balls The follis( bounced) The follis pugilatorius or small follus (bounced) Romans had various kinds of balls made of : Stone, glass, wool or linen Roman balls found in Egyptian tomb Was a linen ball Made of linen and hair Wrapped in string and sewn together About 5 inches in diameter The making of the bouncing balls: Inflated pig bladders, wrapped in leather Chopped sponges wrapped in string and cloth Animal sinew wound into a ball that are wrapped in leather or deerskin Ballgames were placed in Palestra and ballcourts (spharista). Popular games included were Expulsim ludere(Handball) Trigon Soccer Field Hockey Harpastum(Phaininda) Dodgeball Young women would play with a paganica or a non bouncing linen ball Ephedrismos: a game with qualities somewhat like cricket Chicken catch: one person rides on the back of another and pairs compete against eachother Harpastrum: required speed and a small ball. Similar to football and rugby. Rectangular field Galen said that this sport is: better than wrestling or running because it excercises every part of the body and takes up little time and costs nothing The Mesoamerican ball games: Olmecs, toltecs, zapotecs, maya and Aztecs The olmecs invented the ball game about 3000 years ago…they were the first to cultivate the rubber tree which is where they got their game. Over 600 ball courts have been unearthed in
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