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She was silent for a long time 23 các c ụ m t ? n

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(She was silent for a long time) 23. Các c m t n i mang tính quan h nhân qu 23.1 Because, Because of Sau because ph i m t m nh ñề hoàn ch nh (có c S và V) nh ư ng sau because of ph i là m t danh t ho c ng danh t . Jan was worried because it had started to rain . Jan was worried because of the rain . We arrived late because there was a traffic jam . We arrived late because of a traffic jam . Có th dùng because of thay cho on account of due to và ng ượ c l i. Nh ư ng th ườ ng dùng due to sau ñộ ng t to be . The accident was due to the heavy rain . Dùng as a result of ñể nh n m nh h u qu c a hành ñộ ng ho c s v t, s vi c. He was blinded as a result of a terrible accident . Có th ñư a m nh ñề nguyên nhân lên ñầ u câu: Because of the rain, we have cancelled the party.
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S ư u t m và thi ế t k ế b i Ph m Vi t V ũ - 80 – Tr ườ ng ðạ i H c Kinh T ế ð à N ng 23.2 So that Trong c u trúc này ng ườ i ta dùng so that v i ngh ĩ a sao cho, ñể cho. Sau so that ph i là m t m nh ñề hoàn ch nh có c S và V. ðộ ng t m nh ñề sau so that ph i lùi m t th i so v i th i c a ñộ ng t m nh ñề chính. He studied very hard so that he could pass the test. She is sending the package early so that it will arrive in the time for her sister’s birthday. Susan drove to Miami instead of flying so that she could save money. Chú ý : Ph i phân bi t so that trong c u trúc này v i so that mang ngh ĩ a do ñ ó ( therefore ). Cách phân bi t là th i c a ñộ ng t ñằ ng sau so that mang ngh ĩ a “do ñ ó” di n bi ế n bình th ườ ng so v i th i c a ñộ ng t m nh ñề ñằ ng tr ướ c. We heard nothing from him so that we wondered if he moved away. C ũ ng c n phân bi t v i c u trúc so + adj/adv + that nêu ph n sau. Trong ti ế ng Anh nói có th b that trong c m so that nh ư ng trong ti ế ng Anh vi ế t không ñượ c b that . ð ây là b y mà bài thi TOEFL th ườ ng nêu ra. 23.3 So và such. Ng ườ i ta dùng c u trúc so/such .... that ( ñế n n i mà) theo nhi u cách s d ng. 23.3.1 Dùng v i tính t và phó t : Terry ran so fast that he broke the previous speed record. Judy worked so diligently that she received an increase in salary. She is so beautiful that anyone sees her once will never forget her. The little boy looks so unhappy that we all feel sorry for him 23.3.2 Dùng v i danh t ñế m ñượ c s nhi u: C u trúc v n là so ... that nh ư ng ph i dùng many ho c few tr ướ c danh t ñ ó.
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S ư u t m và thi ế t k ế b i Ph m Vi t V ũ - 81 – Tr ườ ng ðạ i H c Kinh T ế ð à N ng
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