Certain lifestyles can increase the likelihood of being exposed to crime Going

Certain lifestyles can increase the likelihood of

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Certain lifestyles can increase the likelihood of being exposed to crime Going out late at night, drinking, using drugs, etc •Cohen and Felson’s (1979) routine activities theory •One of the most common theories in victimization literature •Why have violent crime rates increased over the last decade when during the same period most indicators of well-being generally improved (ex. unemployment dropped, medium family income increased)? Generally, there were class based inequalities that contributed to crime Strain theory, subculture •Household and family activities reduce ones likelihood of victimization; whereas, activities outside the home and away from the family increase ones likelihood of victimization •They found support for their theory in terms of: age, marriage, employment status, adults present in household, and the time of day •Problems? It blames the victim and says that women are responsible for crim happening. Recall…
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In Canada too
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Daily Activities –They argue that structural changes in daily routine activities during this period influenced crime rates. –A shift away from activities in the home to activities outside the home. Was main structural change •Women moving into labour force and school, more leisure time away form home, and increase production of durables (increased consumerism). All contributed to growth in crime rate –Crime has increased because there has been a convergence of three elements: motivated offenders, suitable targets, and the absence of suitable guardians Routine Activities Theory –A suitable target? Women being out means they are more suitable targets, away from their homes •People and property.
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–Capable guardian?
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