PS 101 B1 Final Study Guide

Anorexia nervosa 15 below normal body weight

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Anorexia nervosa: 15% below normal body weight; starvation Bulimia: normal body weight; binging and purging Diathesis/Vulnerability-Stress Model Emotion and Stress Definition of emotion: sensory experiences of emotion James-Lange Theory: I cry therefore I am sad; activity followed by feeling of emotion Cannon-Bard Theory Schachter-Singer Theory Aggression: intent to harm or injure someone/something Bandura’s social learning theory of aggression: aggression is a learned behavior Reactions to and managing stress Definition of coping: how one deals with stress Coping strategies: just deal Stress and Health: hypertension, heart-disease Type A vs. Type B personalities Behavioral Disorders Abnormal behavior- what is abnormal?: any behavior that is different from the norm Classification of abnormal behaviors DSM-IV- Axis I, II, III, IV, and V Prevalence: how much of it is there Incidence: rate of occurence Panic disorder: Agoraphobia: fear of being in an open market; fear of being in a place without a way out Social phobia: fear of being judged by others Specific phobia: irrational fears of places or objects 5
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Obsessive-compulsive disorder: obsessions and compultions that disrupt daily life and can not be controlled Posttraumatic stress disorder: Generalized anxiety disorder: Somatization disorder: have medical symptoms with no cause Hypochondriasis: no medical symptoms Conversion disorder Dissociative Identity Disorder Major Depressive Disorder: signs of depression Bipolar Disorder: extreme euphoria to immobilizing depression Seasonal Affective Disorder: associated with MDD and Bipolar Schizophrenia Personality Disorders Treatment of Behavioral Disorders Humanistic therapy: focuses on the self Psychoanalysis: Freud Free association: allows patients to work through their own problems Dream analysis: analyzing dreams; belief that they show our true desires Transference: patient has an attachment to therapist; much like relationship with a parent Cognitive Behavioral Therapy: maladaptive behaviors are learned so they can therefore be unlearned Systematic desensitization: uses vivid imagination to try and relax individual when presented with anxiety producing situations Operant conditioning therapies Client-centered therapy: client works through issues Family therapy Antipsychotics Antidepressants Social Psychology Stereotype Ingroup vs. outgroup Minorities Diffusion of responsibility Bystander apathy Conformity Factors affecting conformity Asch’s conformity studies Cognitive dissonance theory Foot-in-the-door technique Door-in-the-face technique Milgram’s obedience study Stanford Prison Study 6
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