Some of these prefixes and suffixes are still used today For example the ly

Some of these prefixes and suffixes are still used

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Some of these prefixes and suffixes are still used today. For example, the -ly suffix changes a noun to an adjective (as in friendly) or an adjective to an adverb (as in willingly). However, over time English lost many of these inflections. The -ed and -ing endings of verbs are the most important surviving inflections. Instead of using inflections, Modern English relies more on word order to indicate grammatical relationships. For example, it's correct to write "We walked home", but incorrect to write "We home walked". In 1066, the Normans of northern France, led by William the first, conquered England. French became the written and spoken language of the aristocracy and the court. Since Latin was the root language of French, it also experienced renewed influence in England during this time. Many Latin words found their way into Middle English through Norman French, particularly words relating to law, medicine, theology, science, and literature. For example, most words ending with the suffixes -ible or -able, such as possible or flammable, have Norman French origins. By 1337, the English aristocracy had strong political differences with the Norman French. The Hundred Years War added to the English aversion to the French language. By 1400, most upper- and middle-class people in England spoke English rather than French. English was on its way to becoming the Modern English we speak today.
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During this time, scribes copying manuscripts by hand tended to use spellings that reflected their own linguistic origins. The Midlands of England, halfway between the north and the south, represented a kind of compromise between the northern and southern dialects. This Midlands dialect eventually evolved into Modern English. Geoffery Chaucer, the great poet of Middle English, wrote in the Midlands dialect. Part 4 Transcript: Oral and Written One element that affects the way language works is whether it's spoken or written. Most people consider a written language to be more formal than a spoken language. In looking at why this is true, we can see how to make our use of written language more effective. Spoken language may be less formal than written language, but that doesn't mean it's less complex. It just means that the rules or conventions for spoken English are different from the conventions for written English. For example, spoken English often uses sentence fragments and contractions. It also frequently uses a shared vocabulary, including jargon and clichés.
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