Darwin & Dostoevsky Passages

Ivans unconscious understands that if he leaves for

This preview shows page 7 - 8 out of 8 pages.

Ivan’s unconscious understands that if he leaves for Moscow he provides the opportunity for his father to be killed, which manifests itself as a deep inner guilt. Ivan cannot go to Chermashnya because, to Ivan, it represents an abandonment of his father, which his unconscious is all too aware of. The city represents a place of denial for Ivan and freedom from his inability to confront his repressed hatred of his father and his embarrassment over his mother. He cannot face his mother, the untamed part of his character, and so he is always in physical transit to escape from this confrontation necessary for him to form any future attachments.
Image of page 7

Subscribe to view the full document.

Dostoevsky critique’s modernity as he shows that the city is not the solver of all problems. In fact he implicitly suggests modernity and the isolation that ensues even with better communication causes isolation between the people. “ ‘My dears why do we quarrel, boast before each other, remember each other’s offenses? Let us go to the garden, let us walk and play and love and praise and kiss each other, and bless our life.’ ‘He’s not long for this world, your son,” the doctor said to the mother as she saw him on the porch, “from sickness he is falling into madness.’” (289) Dostoevsky critique’s the western view of spirituality as an illness, and a clouding of the mind when it is precisely the clearest. The doctor believes that Father Zosima’s brother is only exalting and asking forgiveness from the birds because he is near to death and delirious. However, when would someone be in a better position to judge what is important in life than when at death, with nothing to lose? “The luxuriant autumn flowers in the flowerbeds near the house had fallen asleep until morning. The silence of the earth seemed to merge with the silence of the heavens, the mystery of the earth seemed to merge with the silence of the heavens, the mystery of the earth touched the mystery of the stars…Alyosha stood gazing and suddenly, as if he had been cut down, threw himself to the Earth” (362) ‘As is he had been cut down’ suggests an involuntary illness, which Alyosha had been subject to before. However, Alyosha turns this fall into a religious, willful embracing act of love and he actively “threw himself down” Alyosha takes control over his past, and unlike his mother, he is able to control his illness and is able to come of age, so to speak. He releases himself from his image of his mother by taking active control over his illness, and he revisits Father Zosima’s coffin and is able to accept that his idol was only human. This acceptance does not take away from his love for Zosima, it only allows him to commit a metaphorical parricide of the god-like image of his idol, Zosima, and see him as human. Each of the brother’s Karamazov must undergo a transformative experience to commit matricide and parricide before they can connect with their family and others in the future. Each brother must overcome a reaction formation against the mother, father, or both.
Image of page 8
You've reached the end of this preview.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern