a relaxation exercise distraction Part 13 Social Psychology 1 What was Lawrence

A relaxation exercise distraction part 13 social

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Part 13: Social Psychology 1. What was Lawrence Kohlberg's theory of moral development? What kinds of questions did he ask and what information did he use to classify the answers? a. moral reasoning is a process that matures through a series of stages similar to Piaget’s stages of moral development b. morality means seeking justice and avoiding harm to others 2. What research shows that moral judgments are sometimes made on an emotional rather than a rational basis? a. helping people without an altruistic gene doesn’t spread the altruistic gene b. therefore why would you help someone without a benefit to yourself? 3. What differences between real life and the prisoner's dilemma game can account for greater cooperation in real life? a. prisoner’s dilemma; a situation where people choose between a cooperative act and a competitive act that benefits themselves but hurts others. 4. How do" diffusion of responsibility" and "pluralistic ignorance" explain why bystanders might not help someone in need? a. diffusion of responsibility tendency to feel less responsibility to act when other people are equally able to act b. pluralistic ignorance situation in which people say nothing, and each person falsely assumes that others have a better-informed opinion 5. What is the frustration-aggression hypothesis? What alternative did Leonard Berkowitz propose? a. frustration-aggression hypothesis theory in which the main cause of anger and aggression is an obstacle that stands in the way of doing something or obtaining something b. Leonard Berkowitz proposed a more comprehensive theory: Any unpleasant event—frustration, pain, heat, foul odors, bad news, whatever—excites both the impulse to fight and the impulse to flee 6. What hypotheses about the causes of aggression remain controversial? a. 7. What does a study of baboons described in the textbook suggest about the relationship between culture and violence? a. 8. What psychological mechanisms have been used by perpetrators to justify their violence? 9. What is the primacy effect in impression formation? a. The first information we learn about someone influences us more than later information does 10. What is the difference between prejudice and discrimination? a. A prejudice is an unfavorable attitude toward a group of people. It is usually associated with discrimination, which is unequal treatment of different groups, such as minority groups, the physically disabled, people who are obese, or gays and lesbians. 11. What is an implicit association? How are implicit associations assessed by researchers? a. implicit association test (IAT) procedure that measures reactions to combinations of categories, such as “flowers” and “pleasant” b. In short, most people do know their prejudices, even if they hesitate to admit them.
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