NATOs success through military action is constrained under its resources. The resources provided by its members limit NATOs missions towards terrorism based on what is available. The lack of effective sources of supply, limit their involvement in high-intensity combat.
(Johnson, Zenko) Consequently as a result, the US does not want any NATO involvement in control of command of battle field operations. Ultimately, the US settled for NATO to focus support to a more non-military or ancillary military in Afghanistan. Thus, American military supply to NATO is limited to what the US believes will compliment their missions. While the UScontributes the majority of NATO equipment, European allies contribute significantly less and short of requested targets. ``The shortage in some areas of logistic sustainability; rapidly deployable reserves; air assets (including MEDEVAC); and lifesaving electronic counter-measures (ECM) equipment, are examples of where we need to do better still.``(Richards) The contrast between American military spending and European spending is significant in American advantage. As a result European allies lack behind the US in military technology which makes for difficulties in NATO forces coalitions. The nature of the combat engagement in geographical locations such as Afghanistan, require advanced forms of technological weaponry. For instance, it requires engaging using long rang strikers to reach mountainous hiding spots of terrorists. European allies posses no long-rang strikers, while the US maintains over 150 such bombers in service. NATO commander Richards states that it “Denies commanders some of the freedoms they require to respond appropriately to developing situations.”(Richards)Alternatively, containing Weapons of mass destruction (WMD) is of pivotal importance in combating terrorism. NATO strategy towards terrorism and the US’s assigned role to NATO highlight the control of WMD. (Nevers, 64) As NATO continues to increase its protection and preventive efforts towards WMD; many of the NATO initiatives consider combating WMD as a top priority. For instance, programs such as the Defence against Terrorism (DAT) are created to develop technologies to prevent such attacks as WMD. It also increases information gathering and trade between the allies to further combat and increase measures to do so. The DAT program
compliments the post-9/11 creation of the Operation Active Endeavour (OAE), with the gathering of information by programs such as DAT the OAE operation initiates tasks to track merchant shipping throughout the Mediterranean sea to prevent the spread of WMDs. To respondto attack by WMD, NATO created a response force under pressure from the US. The US sponsored Defence Battalion (CBRN) boosts the latest technology available in chemical and biological attacks prevention, disease surveillance system and a deployable analytical laboratory. (Nevers, 65) These efforts are admittedly have been effective in accomplishing what NATO viewas an effective measure in constraining WMD spread, and ultimately combating terrorism.
- Fall '19