How did northerners southerners react o northerners

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How did northerners/ southerners react? o Northerners Loved Sumner and would exaggerate his injury, which Sumner played into and loved o Southerners Praised Brooks for defending the honor of the South and his family The Dred Scott decision Who was the chief justice at the time? How could he have been biased? o Roger B. Taney, Southerner. This case would have to involve slavery, which he and most of the court was pro-slavery. What was the situation? o Dred Scott was the slave of a military officer who had been stationed in the North for a long time. Scott, realizing he had lived much of his life in the North sued for his freedom. What was the outcome? o The main question was whether he had the right to sue. The decision 7:2 was no; that as a slave he was not a citizen so he didn’t have the right to sue. After the Civil War, what was created as a result of this? o To reverse this decision, the 14 th amendment was created to ensure that all born in the US or naturalized were citizens. Dred Scott decision and results Political Parties! (Remember- What happened to the Hamiltonians?) The Jefersonian/Democratic Republicans split into which 2 parties? o Democrats and (eventually) Republicans What party was formed from Jackson’s political enemies? o Whig Party Who is called the “Father of the Democratic Party”? o Jackson What parties joined to create the Republican
(GOP) Party? o Unhappy anti-slavery Democrats, Free Soilers, Whigs of the north Who was the first Republican president? o Abraham Lincoln Andrew Jackson Why was he so popular? o He embodied the rags to riches American dream o What was his story? Personal and Career Poor frontier farmer, served in the Revolutionary War, married Rachel (scandalous), became a popular army general in the War of 1812 and defeated Native American groups (notably in Florida), became president in 1828 Andrew Jackson and his invasion of Florida Know the diference between States Rights and Nationalist o States Rights: decisions should be made by the States o Nationalist: The Federal Government is supreme The Black Tarif/ Tarif of Abominations What was bad about the tarif? Who did it efect the most/ anger the most? Who did it help? o This tarif raised the prices on finished European goods (kind of like a tax). The south was very dependent on these goods because of their cotton. So in the end this tarif hurt the South the most, meanwhile helping the Northern economy. How did Jackson react? {nationalist or states rights} o Acted as a nationalist, believed it would help the nation as a whole Who was the primary person against? What did he represent? o Calhoun was the leader of the “South Carolina Exposition” What did they threaten?

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