ai A Woman of the Kung optional but a great picture of Juhoansi life between

Ai a woman of the kung optional but a great picture

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N!ai, A Woman of the !Kung [optional, but a great picture of Ju/’hoansi life between the 1950s and 1970s] Key Terms for Week 4 Africa (lecture) Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ) - airflows from opposite directions meet, causing air to rise. creates rainfall and results in “wet” and “dry” seasons. during different times of year, ITCZ is either north or south of the equator. January - ITCZ is south of the equator, rainy season in south, dry season in north. July - ITCZ is north of the equator, rainy season in north, dry season in south. Sahel - just north and south of savannas which are a transition zone from grasslands to more arid areas with distinct wet and dry seasons. vulnerable to drought Savanna - area of widely spaced trees and tall grasses just north and south of rainforests in
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Africa Kalahari Desert - south of the equator. large desert in Africa. Ju/’hoansi people. Sahara Desert - north of the equator. largest desert in the world. desert in Africa. pastoralists, goats, camels. towns clustered around oases. Sleeping sickness - disease found only in Africa carried by tsetse fly. fly carries type of parasite called a trypanosome. Tsetse fly – large flies in Africa that carry sleeping sickness; prefer cattle Zoonoses - diseases that come from animals (ebola and AIDS) Equator - an imaginary line drawn around the earth equally distant from both poles, dividing the earth into northern and southern hemispheres and constituting the parallel of latitude 0° Azande (chapter and lecture) Leveling mechanism – witchcraft is used as an agent of social control. Accusations of witchcraft stall hasty and emotional confrontations and keep Azande from out-producing their neighbors to accumulate wealth. Bride price - cattle given to brides family for opportunity to marry, 50-60 in the past 20-30 today, “cattle of girls”, compensation for losing girl Bands – small, mobile, egalitarian groups which typically live by hunting/gathering. Rarely have headperson but depend on elders, etc. Tribes – may be confederations of bands, who identify with both local and larger groups. May/may not have official leader but typically have elders who lead by consensus or persuasion. Chiefdom – more limited version of state level society; chief or king holds hereditary position; people pay taxes or tribute; may be just one chief; or a paramount chief with sub- chiefs. Witchcraft – innate ability to manipulate supernatural power through personal willpower and uses this power to do harm. Physical power that is inherited. Poison oracles – poison would be poured into an animal and the animal’s reactions would be interpreted while asking questions about war activities. Polygyny – multiple wives Polyandry – multiple husbands E.E. Evans-Pritchard – developed social anthropology and studied Nuer and Azande cultures.
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  • Fall '08
  • Sudan, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Sago, Asmat people

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