Baker finds no evidence that the US is divided into two opposed groups fighting

Baker finds no evidence that the us is divided into

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Baker finds no evidence that the US is divided into two opposed groups fighting for moral high grounde)Using 30 years of data, Baker concludes the US is becoming more traditional and less secular, disproving the trend hypothesisf)Baker suggests that the U.S. “crisis of values” is merely an illusion fueled by rhetoricg)Moderate and “middle of the road” is what most Americans are23)Looking-glass selfa)Chapter 5, p. 87b)Symbolic interactionist Charles H. Cooley’s theory that the self develops in 3 main stagesi)We imagine how our behaviors will look to others(1)As small children, we gain our sense of self by seeing ourselves reflected in others attitudes and behaviorsii)We interpret others’ reactions to our behaviors(1)We imagine the way we appear, then identify with how we imagine others judge that appearanceiii)We develop a self-concept (sense of personal identity)(1)We interpret those judgements for ourselves in order to develop unique personalities24)George Herbert Mead’s theoryi)I is the active, spontaneous part of the self, asking “what do Iwant?”
ii)Me is the objective part which questions how others might interpret our actions; understands the symbols that others give us, and seeks to find favorable reactions to out behaviors from othersi)Imitation stage (birth to 2) – child copies the behaviors of those around them; give no meaning to their actionsii)Play stage (pre-school, ages 2-4) – child begins to play roles of others separate from themselves; they begin to understand their actions affect others, and vice versaiii)Game stage (school age and above) – begin to understand that others have expectations and demands, anticipate the roles of others in gamesi)Gradually by role-taking, children develop a generalized impression of what people expect of them25)Erik Erikson’s stages (of development)a)Chapter 5, p. 88b)Personality develops in eight stages, and we experience a particular personality crisisin each one, which must be resolved positively or negativelyi)Each outcome will have an effect on our ability to deal with the next crisisii)According to Erikson, the crisis at each stage must be resolved positively before one can successfully master subsequent changesc)The eight stagesi)Infancy – trust vs. mistrust(1)When an infant’s needs are met, trust develops. When an infant learns mistrust, they lack self-confidence, becoming frustrated, withdrawn, and suspicious adultsii)Toddlerhood – autonomy vs shame and doubt
(1)Toddlers who grow up in a supportive environment allow toddlers to learn self-sufficiency, gaining confidence. Overprotective/disapproving parents lead to children who second-guess themselvesiii)Preschooler – initiative vs. guilt(1)Children receiving encouragement and consistent discipline gain esteem while

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