CLAS_267_lect_3c_class_notes_2013-2

First evidence of craft specialisation early ec iii

This preview shows page 20 - 23 out of 23 pages.

ie., first evidence of craft specialisation early EC III EC II ends with sporadic destructions, overall decline climate change o accounts for fall of Old Kingdom Egypt, Akkadian culture at same time rise of Crete o disrupted Cycladic trading patterns/partners destructions/decline on the mainland (EH III) lack of quality agricultural land o what had initially supported settlement is now insufficient Two Characteristic Features: nucleation of settlements o identified through material evidence and location of burials nautical technology develops o from the Levant; spreads west o coincides with Aegean interaction with Near East cultures o larger and faster ships facilitate increased trade o greater numbers of commodities o trade on a much larger scale leaves Cyclades goods swamped by others IMAGE 61: rock crystal earrings and silver stick pin some metal objects appear in the Final Neolithic period Grotta-Pelos culture (EC I) very little metal Keros-Syros Culture (EC II) amount of metal expands greatly weapons o daggers o spear heads tools o tweezers o chisels o fish-hooks 20
Image of page 20

Subscribe to view the full document.

Harrison/CLAS 267 Lect 3 (2013) - Main metal is silver o Siphnos (Cyclades) o Lavrion (Attica/mainland) copper o Kythnos lead o Siphnos (Cyclades) bronze (arsenic + copper); Grotta-Pelos Culture (EC I) bronze (tin + copper); Keros-Syros Culture (EC II) tin o Afghanistan Lots of jewellery – personal adornment indication of status rock crystal gold silver IMAGE 62: Ayioi Anagyroi cemetery (Naxos); plan numerous large-scale cemeteries found, but many have been looted cemetery associated with Kastri is called Chalandriani particularly rich in its artifacts large cemetery c. 600 tombs other cemeteries have been excavated and were found to contain rich abundance of artifacts Aplomata cemetery (Naxos) o 27 tombs with marble figures, marble vessels Keros o ritual deposit deliberately broken marble figurines deliberately broken marble vessels deliberately broken pottery deliberately broken human bone larger and abundant cemeteries must represent elite, wealthy communities contrast with smaller settlements farmsteads hamlets family units some unity shared features cemeteries located near settlements 21
Image of page 21
Harrison/CLAS 267 Lect 3 (2013) - small, close-set groups of cist graves cist graves o shallow o rectangular hole o lined with slabs or rubble o can be cut into bedrock, if thin soil cover o roofs can be corbelled o some have antechambers usually one person per grave o buried in flexed position o sometimes on side grave markers o upright stones associated paved areas in front of cemetery o Ayioi Anargyroi for rituals IMAGE 63: Ayioi Anagyroi cist graves what burials say about the living: Population o number of burials can be correlated to populations o generally small settlements o exceptions, e.g., Chalandriani/Kastri o
Image of page 22

Subscribe to view the full document.

Image of page 23
  • Winter '13
  • GeorgeHarrison
  • Cyclades, Syros, NAXOS, Ayia Irini

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern