A description C prediction B control D explanation ANS C DIF Moderate REF 21

A description c prediction b control d explanation

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A. description C. prediction
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B. control D. explanation ANS: C DIF: Moderate REF: 2.1 Science Has Four Primary Goals OBJ: 2.1A NAT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology | APA Goal 2, Scientific In- quiry and Critical Thinking MSC: Applying 6. One of the four main goals of science is prediction. The main goal of scien- tists addressing this goal is to predict: A. what might control a behavior. B. how many scientific studies are needed to study a phenomenon. C. when a phenomenon will occur. D. which type of researchers will inves- tigate a phenomenon. ANS: C DIF: Moderate REF: 2.1 Science Has Four Primary Goals OBJ: 2.1A NAT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology | APA Goal 2, Scientific In- quiry and Critical Thinking MSC: Understanding 7. One of the four main goals of science is description. The main goal of scien- tists addressing this goal is to describe: A. what laws are needed to reduce dangerous behaviors. B. what measures to use to assess a phenomenon. C. which types of research studies would best address the phenome- non. D. what a phenomenon is. ANS: D DIF: Moderate REF: 2.1 Science Has Four Primary Goals OBJ: 2.1A NAT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology | APA Goal 2, Scientific In- quiry and Critical Thinking MSC: Understanding 8. One of the four main goals of science is control. The main goal of scientists addressing this goal is to control: A. the causes of a phenomenon. B. access to publications about a phe- nomenon. C. the institutions that research a phe- nomenon. D. the literature on a certain phenome-
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non. ANS: A DIF: Difficult REF: 2.1 Science Has Four Primary Goals OBJ: 2.1A NAT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology | APA Goal 2, Scientific In- quiry and Critical Thinking MSC: Understanding 9. One of the four main goals of science is explanation. The main goal of scien- tists addressing this goal is to explain: A. why a behavior occurs. B. the steps of the scientific method. C. how data collection works. D. why a researcher wants to study a behavior. ANS: A DIF: Difficult REF: 2.1 Science Has Four Primary Goals OBJ: 2.1A NAT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology | APA Goal 2, Scientific In- quiry and Critical Thinking MSC: Understanding 10. How are the scientific goals of description and explanation different? A. Description aims to identify the state of a research field; explanation aims to discuss the future of a re- search field. B. Description aims to characterize what a phenomenon is; explanation aims to illustrate why a phenome- non occurs. C. Explanation aims to identify the state of a research field; description aims to discuss the future of a re- search field. D. Explanation aims to characterize what a phenomenon is; description aims to illustrate why a phenome- non occurs. ANS: B DIF: Difficult REF: 2.1 Science Has Four Primary Goals OBJ: 2.1A NAT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology | APA Goal 2, Scientific In- quiry and Critical Thinking MSC: Analyzing 11. Clara is working on a study to examine shy children’s behavior with peers they have not met before. She is developing theories, forming hypotheses, and conducting research to determine if her theory is supported by the data.
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