Examples of inborn characteristics attraction to novelty impulse to play motive

Examples of inborn characteristics attraction to

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Examples of inborn characteristics: attraction to novelty, impulse to play, motive to explore and manipulate objects, etc. Baby schema/ Kindchenschema : Certain facial characteristics have a high appeal to humans, inducing perception of “cuteness” and eliciting care taking. -this perception arises early in human development (3-6 years of age) -features that induce baby schema: large head and round face, high and protruding forehead, large eyes, small nose and mouth Piloerection (Goosebumps) : -hairs stand up as a reaction to fright/cold. Makes us look bigger and scarier, and insulated us. -inherited from our ancestors who had fur. Preference for cover: -unconscious use of environmental structures for protection -children love building caves and hideaways. -most humans sit on the edges of rooms, backs to the walls -if available, we prefer higher lookouts for dwellings. Innate social behaviors: -stretching out hand in primates and humans signifies initiation of contact -body contact signals affection and caring
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-some ethnologists argue that human behavior to pet/caress/gentle touch comes from primate's behavior of grooming Moro reflex: Babies response to sudden loss of support. Involves spreading out arms, pulling them in, and crying. Is distinct from the startle reflex. Grasping reflex: Human newborns are surprisingly strong and can support their weight with their grasp. Seems to reflect on the fact that primates would have had to grasp their moth er’s fur. Rooting reflex: touching/ stroking the corner of a baby's mouth leads to a head turn, opening of the mouth, pursuit of and root into direction of stroking. Reflex disappears after four months. Helps babies find the breast and start feeding. Crying: Well-coordinated and highly effective inborn behavior. Requires the coordination of many muscles. Is a form of primal communication, and one of the best tools that a baby has to promote survival (usually elicits care taking, because it is such an irritating sound). Human brains respond in a certain way to babies crying. It creates the fear response. Laughing: Boy blind and deaf from birth can laugh- isn't social imitation. Is a social reflex. Trait: Habitual patterns of behavior, thought, and emotion. Can vary between social groups and genetic groups. Twin studies on intelligence: Is intelligence an inherited trait? (fraternal (dizygotic) twins = separate eggs and separate sperm, shared half of their genes. Identical (monozygotic) = When a fertilized egg divides into two parts that have separate embryos, have identical genes). Study: test was done to determine to what extent performance on iq tests reflects the influence of inherited traits or environmental factors growing up. Results: Monozygotic twins tend to resemble each other in intelligence, whether raised together or not.
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