Following the death of stalin in 1953 the soviet

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Following the death of Stalin in 1953, the Soviet leaders condemned his brutal principles but still kept the Community Party in power. They focused their efforts on the Cold War against Western Powers uncontrollably spending on arms competitions with the US and military action against anticommunist countries ( Stokes, 1993 ). In 1985, Mikhail came in power. He introduced two policies that he thought would rejuvenate the dying USSR. Glasnost was one of the policies which tried to end Stalinist oppression. It banned books and omnipresent secret police. It also increased freedoms for the Soviet citizens, released political prisoners and allowed freedom of press. It also led to entry of political parties in elections to compete with the Community Party. Perestroika, the second set of policies was more focused on economic restructuring. Through this, Mikhail loosened government’s grip on the economy allowing penetration of the private sector. This he thought would bring innovation therefore allowed cooperatives and individuals to own business. Workers could now strike to demand better conditions and wages and foreign investment was invited. The economic reforms took a lot of time before they could bear fruits. The collapse of the old system and the failure of the current one led to shortages, rationing and a struggle for scarce products which contributed to frustration with Mikhail’s government ( Moreton, 1990) . The government under Mikhail opted for better relationships with other nations. To this effect, they announced withdrawal of Soviet troops from Afghanistan and lowered military contribution towards the Eastern Europe’s Warsaw Pact. Such actions led to the crumbling of the Eastern European alliances which occasioned the first ever non-communist revolution (Moreton, 1990) . The successful revolution in Poland in 1989 by trade unions against the communists sought for freer elections. It sent a wave of peaceful revolutions around Eastern Europe. It from these that the Berlin wall fell and the communist government was overthrown in Czechoslovakia ( Havel, 1996) . Violence was felt in some areas where the Romania’s Communist dictator together with his wife was executed by the firing squad. Possibilities of overthrowing Communism grew and frustration from the bad economy engulfed the Soviet Union. Mikhail’s governing approach strengthened movements toward independence leading to declaration of independence by Baltic States from Moscow ( Havel, 1996 ). Republics such as Belarus, Russian Federation and Ukraine broke liaison with USSR to form the Commonwealth Independent States. Weeks later, eight more states followed suit leaving Georgia as the only state still pledging allegiance to the Soviet Union. Two years later Georgia joined the states marking the end of the Soviet Union ( Melton, 1992) .

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