of the damages suffered makes it difficult for a jury to determine a proper

Of the damages suffered makes it difficult for a jury

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of the damages suffered makes it difficult for a jury to determine a proper quantum. Setting punitive damages at amounts that do not significantly exceed the real economic loss would leave them in their proper place within the scheme of the law of torts. Where trials are held with a judge and jury, instructions on the range of awards would be useful. The jury should be instructed clearly that an award of general damages may also amount to all the punishment that is necessary in a given case. Cases Cited By Binnie J. Applied: Hill v. Church of Scientology of Toronto, [1995] 2 S.C.R. 1130; referred to: Vorvis v. Insurance Corp. of British Columbia, [1989] 1 S.C.R. 1085; Wallace v. United Grain Growers Ltd., [1997] 3 S.C.R. 701; Cassell & Co. v. Broome, [1972] A.C. 1027, aff'g [1971] 2 Q.B. 354; BMW of North America, Inc. v. Gore, 517 U.S. 559 (1996); BMW of North America, Inc. v. Gore, 701 So.2d 507 (1997); Wilkes v. Wood (1763), Lofft. 1, 98 E.R. 489; Huckle v. Money (1763), 2 Wils. K.B. 206, 95 E.R. 768; Collette v. Lasnier (1886), 13 S.C.R. 563; Rookes v. Barnard, [1964] A.C. 1129; Kuddus v. Chief Constable of Leicestershire Constabulary, [2001] 3 All E.R. 193; Uren v. John Fairfax & Sons Pty. Ltd. (1966), 117 C.L.R. 118; Taylor v. Beere, [1982] 1 N.Z.L.R. 81; Conway v. Irish National Teachers' Organisation (1991), 11 I.L.R.M. 497; John v. MGN Ltd., [1997] Q.B. 586; Thompson v. Commissioner of Police of the Metropolis, [1997] 2 All E.R. 762; Lamb v. Cotogno (1987), 164 C.L.R. 1; XL Petroleum (N.S.W.) Pty. Ltd. v. Caltex Oil (Australia) Pty. Ltd. (1985), 155 C.L.R. 448; Australian Consolidated Press Ltd. v. Uren (1966), 117 C.L.R. 185; Whitfeld v. De Lauret & Co. (1920), 29 C.L.R. 71; [page600] Gray v. Motor Accident Commission (1998), 196 C.L.R. 1; M'Comb v. Low (1873), 1 N.Z. Jur. 49; Donselaar v. Donselaar, [1982] 1 N.Z.L.R. 97; Daniels v. Thompson, [1998] 3 N.Z.L.R. 22; Cook v. Evatt (No. 2), [1992] 1 N.Z.L.R. 676; McLaren Transport Ltd. v. Somerville, [1996] 3 N.Z.L.R. 424; Aquaculture Corp. v. New Zealand Green Mussel Co., [1990] 3 N.Z.L.R. 299; Coloca v. B.P. Australia Ltd., [1992] 2 V.R. 441; L. v. Robinson, [2000] 3 N.Z.L.R. 499; Ellison v. L., [1998] 1 N.Z.L.R. 416; Auckland City Council v. Blundell, [1986] 1 N.Z.L.R. 732; Green v. Matheson, [1989] 3 N.Z.L.R. 564; McKenzie v. Attorney-General, [1992] 2 N.Z.L.R. 14; Dunlea v. Attorney- General, [2000] 3 N.Z.L.R. 136; W. v. W., [1999] 2 N.Z.L.R. 1; Cooper v. O'Connell, No. 85/90- 96, 1997 Ireland S.C. Lexis; Day v. Woodworth, 54 U.S. (13 How.) 363 (1851); Fay v. Parker, 53
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Page 4 of 44 Whiten v. Pilot Insurance Co., [2002] 1 S.C.R. 595 N.H. 342 (1872); Liebeck v. McDonald's Restaurants, P.T.S., Inc., 1995 WL 360309; Pacific Mutual Life Insurance Co. v. Haslip, 499 U.S. 1 (1991); Honda Motor Co. v. Oberg, 512 U.S. 415 (1994); TXO Production Corp. v. Alliance Resources Corp., 509 U.S. 443 (1993); Cooper Industries, Inc. v. Leatherman Tool Group, Inc., 121 S.Ct. 1678 (2001); M. (K.) v. M. (H.), [1992] 3 S.C.R. 6; Denison v. Fawcett, [1958] O.R. 312; Robitaille v. Vancouver Hockey Club Ltd. (1981), 124 D.L.R. (3d) 228; Buxbaum (Litigation guardian of) v. Buxbaum, [1997] O.J. No. 5166 (QL); Glendale v. Drozdzik (1993), 77 B.C.L.R. (2d) 106; Pollard v. Gibson (1986), 1 Y.R. 167; Joanisse v. Y. (D.) (1995), 15 B.C.L.R. (3d) 224; Canada v. Lukasik (1985), 18 D.L.R. (4th) 245; Wittig v. Wittig (1986), 53 Sask. R. 138; Royal Bank of Canada v. W. Got & Associates Electric Ltd., [1999] 3 S.C.R. 408; Central Trust Co. v. Rafuse, [1986] 2 S.C.R. 147; Andrusiw v. Aetna Life Insurance Co. of Canada (2001), 289 A.R. 1; Edwards v. Harris-Intertype (Canada) Ltd.
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