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This risky shift is due to deindividuation, which means that Megan’s self has merged with the group and she feels greater power to take risks.Sociologists define deviance as behavior that violates socialnorms and rules, which means that deviancecan change in various situations. In most settings, the businessman would be consideredconventional , but he does not fit in with the setting where he findshimself in the previous scene. The most revealing information from the animation is that deviance isrelative to social context .Points:0.75 / 1
Deviance is defined as any behavior that violates a social norm or formal rule. Deviance does notsimply refer to negative, irrational behavior. Instead, deviance is any behavior that is outside of what is deemed socially acceptable. Here, you can see that a man dressed in a business suit does not really fit in on the beach while everyone else is wearing bathing suits and playing in the sand.However, if the man were dressed the same way in an office, he would be considered normal.Understanding the social construction of deviance, we can see that:Deviance is defined as strange and irrational behaviorDeviance is explained by simply examining an individual’s personalityWhat is considered deviant is always very different from normal behaviorDeviance may be positive and rationalPoints:0 / 1Since deviance is socially constructed, it does not simply apply to negative or irrational behavior.For instance, a student who goes out of her way to help other students in her class may be considered deviant even though what she does is positive. The idea that she deviates from the class’s norm by helping everyone else can define her behavior as deviant.Durkheim takes afunctionalist approach to the study of deviance.Points:0 / 1Durkheim takes a functionalist approach to the study of deviance. He is concerned with explaining how deviance is functional to society because it provides a basis for social cohesion. If someone commits a deviant act, others are reminded of what is and isn’t acceptable behavior.Durkheim defined the termanomie to refer to a social condition that exists when social regulations break down in society. People then live in a state ofnormlessness .Points:0.5 / 1Durkheim’s term anomie refers to a state of relative normlessness that affects society when socialregulations break down. Having little to no social regulations means that there are little to no norms, or rules of appropriate behavior, for people to follow.According to Durkheim, there are different social reasons for why people choose to commit suicide. The following passage is a description of someone contemplating suicide.A soldier jumps onto an exploding grenade so that the rest of his unit survives.
If this person chose to commit suicide, Durkheim would describe it as an example ofaltruistic suicide because there isexcessive social regulation .