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●Media has reinforced most of BJP’s idea because big businesses bought the media. ●“Indian peoples party” along with the congress party are the two major parties in INdia. ●Founded in 1980 with the evolution of the Bharatiya Jana Sangh into the Janata party. ●Used to be a more moderate when it came to hindu nationalism with a strong Hindutva (Hindu India above the west) ideology. ●Opposes Migration of Rohingya=Muslims fleeing from Myanmar Communal violence ●Communal violence: Violent conflict between groups that are organized along a shared (ethnic) communal identity. The violent parties feel solidarity for their group and the victims are chosen based upon group membership. (Hindus vs. Muslims) Narendra Modi ●Promise of economic development, cultural pride, and security. (hindu nationalist) ●Economic experience, charismatic leader, strong on pakistan. (Hindu vs. Islam) ●Went after groups (illiterate) that other candidates didn’t.
●Excited the elites with economic growth ○Elites thought that they could be doing better in economy ●Dissatisfaction with congress party combined with congress’s corruption Bentley’s Conception of Politics ●All politics is the battle of interest groups. ●Pluralism is the political system in which two or more states, groups, or powers of authority coexist. There isn't a public, just different group that work for their own interests. ●The workings of these interest group is politics. “energy in government” ●Argument for centralization, more energy because its consolidated. Energy=zealous execution of the law (power and process) ○Longer terms allow for people to know what they’re doing ●Fed 70: Energetic executive ○Power and energy for internal and external security ○Feeble executive=bad government ■Needs to be able to enforce ○Help with faction problem, protects liberty. ●Ingredients needed for an energetic president: 1.Unity 2.Duration 3.Adequate provision 4.Competent powers ●Hamilton argues for unity as opposed to plurality in the executive. Separation of powers ●Fed51: to put in place a structure that motivates people to resist encroachment of the others. “Ambition must be made to counteract ambition. The interest of the man must be connected with the constitutional rights of the place” It is also mentioned that government is in place because “if men were angels, no government would be necessary. ●Separation of functions. Separated institutions with different functions that sometimes overlap. a.Fed 37: “Experience has instructed us that no skill in the science of government has yet been able to discriminate and define, with sufficient certainty, its three great provinces-the legislative, executive, and judiciary.” ●(Checks and balances and separation of powers are different) ●The separation of powers aims to make governmental action reasonable (Fed 49) ●Locating power in the right place.