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Solution of minerals gasses and organic molecules

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solution ofminerals,gasses andorganicmoleculesRemoveswastematerialHelps in cellrespirationConvertsglucose intoenergyCELLORGANELLESENDOPLASMIC RETICULUMPassagewayfor thetransport ofmaterialsw/n the cellRIBOSOMESSites ofproteinsynthesisGOLGIAPPARATUSSynthesizecarbohydratesMITOCHONDRIASite ofenergyproductionLYSOSOMESContaindigestiveenzyme thatdestroyengulfedothercellulardebrisPage 6 of 37NRG202| Pharmacology
DDC – NRG202PHARMACOLOGYS.Y. 2021-2022CENTRIOLESOrganizethe spindlefiber duringcell divisionCILIA andFLAGELLASweepmaterialsacross thecell surfaceNUCLEUSControlcenter of thecellSIX CLASSES OF NUTRIENTSNUTRIENTSSubstances obtained from food and usedin the body to provide energy andstructural materials and to serve asregulating agents to promote growth,maintenance, and repair.ESSENTIAL NUTRIENTSNutrients a person must obtain fromfood because the body cannot makethem for itself in sufficient quantities tomeet physiological needsMACRONUTRIENTnutrients that the body needs in largeamounts.provide energy (calories)1.CARBOHYDRATESOrganic compounds(saccharides-starches and sugar)composed of carbon, hydrogen,and oxygen1gm of carbohydrates contains 4calories2.FATS3.PROTEINSCLASSIFICATION OF CARBOHYDRATESMONOSACCHARIDEDISACCHARIDEPOLYSACCHARIDEMONOSACCHARIDE (SIMPLE SUGAR)Simplest form of sugarCan be easily absorbed directly into thebloodstream from the small intestine(water soluble)Ex:1.Glucose - or blood sugar is the principalform in w/c carbohydrate is used in thebody (fruits, corn syrup, sweetcorn)2.Fructose - sweetest of simplesugars(honey, fruits, vegetables)3.Galactose - produced from lactose(milksugar) by digestion and converted intoglucose in the body.DISACCHARIDES (DOUBLE SUGARS)a)SUCROSE – ordinary table sugarb)LACTOSE – milk sugarex. Baby’s powdered milkc)MALTOSE – (malt sugar) producedduring the malting of cereals such asbarley.Ex. Cereals, candiesPOLYSACCHARIDE “COMPLEX SUGAR”a)STARCHsupply energy for longer periodof time. (rice, wheat, corn,carrots and potatoes)b)DEXTRINSformed by the breakdown ofstarchc)CELLULOSEforms the framework of plantsfound in unrefined grains,vegetable and fruits.main sources are stems andleaves of vegetables, seed andgrain coverings, skin and hullsd)PECTINused as base for jelliese)GLYCOGEN“animal starch” (meat andseafoods)-stop-CARBOHYDRATESRole in the Body:Major source of energy for the bodyPage 7 of 37NRG202| Pharmacology
DDC – NRG202PHARMACOLOGYS.Y. 2021-2022Fuel during high intensity exerciseFuel for the Central Nervous System (yourbrain!)FOOD SOURCESGrains (whole grains)sweet potatoes & white potatoes, bananas,dried fruitsmilk (lactose)Sugar, honey“EMPTY CALORIES”Food which do not contain any other nutrientsexcept carbohydratesPROTEINSBuilding blocks of the bodyMade up of amino acids which is thebasic component of protein.

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Term
Spring
Professor
NoProfessor
Tags
Nutrition, Malnutrition, Vitamin, BMR

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