159 broker the ideas among the many policy actors Cobb and Elder 1972 Eyestone

159 broker the ideas among the many policy actors

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159 broker the ideas among the many policy actors (Cobb and Elder 1972; Eyestone 1978); mobilize public opinion (Cobb and Elder 1972; Kingdon 1984); and help set the decision making agenda (Kingdon 1984; Walker 1981). There is, however, a lack of operative criteria to identify PEs. A number of more specific criteria were, therefore, developed to enable an application of theoretical assumptions about PEs to the practical case study. The criteria were developed from the constructs underlying the DASF, i.e., the multiple streams framework (MS) and discursive institutionalism (DI). Kingdon identified three qualities that underlie the PEs’ position. They are a ‘claim of hearing’, political connections or negotiation skills and persistency (Kingdon 2011, p. 180) . A ‘claim of hearing’ (Kingdon 2011, p. 180) can stem from one or more of the following characteristics: ‘expertise’, ‘an ability to speak for others’ or ‘an authoritative decision - making position’. ‘Expertise’ is established through the individuals’ professional education and positions, as well as their involvement with GAAP and/or GFS reporting practices. An ‘ability to speak for others’ arises from positions and participation in events in which the PEs represent others. Positions include board memberships or other representative appointments, and events are where they speak in an official forum as representatives of their organisations or other groups. The DASF has further adopted the notion that PEs are sentient agents who have background ideational and foreground discursive abilities. To assess the PEs’ background ideational abilities, their professional education, development and positions are taken into account. The assumption is that a higher level of education provides a higher level of awareness of the institutional environment than a lower level of education. In addition, a higher position in the Australian public sector suggests a high
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160 level of background ideational ability, as it means that the individual is successful in the institutional context. The agents’ foreground discursive abilities enable PEs to communic ate critically about changes or the maintenance of institutions (Schmidt 2008; 2010, p. 1). In the case of GAAP/GFS harmonisation, the PEs’ foreground abilities are assessed on three main criteria. The first criteria is the PEs’ level of involvement in the coordination of the GAAP/GFS harmonisation agenda setting process. The second criteria is their level of involvement in the communication of GAAP/GFS harmonisation and the third criteria is their foreground abilities that were used to identify problems and associate them with the idea, and communicate this idea to relevant stakeholders. By fulfilling these characteristics and activities, PEs essentially couple the three streams of problems, policy and politics.
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  • Fall '13
  • Government, The Land, International Financial Reporting Standards, Financial Accounting Standards Board, Australian Accounting Standards Board, Snow

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