indigenous people and traditional British people. In the cities of Canada with significantly small population, the registered Indian community has faced the earning gap between the indigenous people and the traditional British people of 17% and 12% respectively. On the other hand, the case of urban registered Indian population has also revealed the fact that among the small population of the Indian community is Canada, the gap ranges 11%-41% for the men and 8%- 33% for the female population. Thus, from this statistics, it is clear that location is not the only factor affecting the income disparity between indigenous population and traditional British community in Canada (Aboriginal Income Disparity in Canada. 2018). It has also been found in the recent statistics that the income gap in indigenous population in Canada has been improved a lot in both the national and city level. However, the gap among relatively large aboriginal population has remained same and significantly higher over the other aspects. In the year 2006, the gap has ranged between 16%-33% for women and 27%-41% for the men. Therefore, in the opinion of Pendakur & Pendakur (2016), the urban labour market does not depend on the location or the population only. A small part of the indigenous population also enjoyed the benefits of the British population and educational amenities. Moreover, the income
6 disparity has also impact on the educational background and thus the capability of holding positions in the market. Contribution of education among indigenous people to overcome earning disparity: It has also been observed that education is one of the key barriers in holding a good position in the market. In that case, the earning disparity has created the distinction between the indigenous people and the British population in Canada in terms of the affordability of education and high level qualifications. Therefore, the disparity in the income in further generation has also been continued from the lack in proper education (Aboriginal Income Disparity in Canada. 2018). Thus, in order to hold a good position and earning prospect in Canada, the indigenous population needs proper educational facilities so that the earning prospect of the indigenous population would be hiked. In that case, the Canadian government would take a drastic step towards the improvement of educational background so that the new generation would avail the scope of better earning to that would reduce the income inequality and thus, social issues due to income gap in future. In the opinion of Feridun (2016), in the developed countries, education is the only media to participate in the competition prove to attain the success in terms of excellence and higher income level. Thus, education along with the governmental intervention in promoting the indigenous people in Canada would help the population in improving the gap in terms of gap reduction. According to the statistics, mentioned in the previous section states that education amenities in Canada among the British and indigenous population has a wider gap resulting in the scope of earning. Moreover, it is the responsibility of government and different social
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- Fall '19
- Colonialism, First Nations, Indigenous Australians, Inuit, Indigenous peoples of the Americas