should also take into consideration the views of Malaysians who support

Should also take into consideration the views of

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should also take into consideration the views of Malaysians who support conformity to traditional social values. The Federal Constitution is clear about the special position of the Malays and Bumiputera people in Sabah and Sarawak. This is stipulated under Article 153, which among other things, says that “it shall be the responsibility of the [YDPA] to safeguard the special position of the Malays and natives of any of the States of Sabah and Sarawak and the legitimate interests of other communities…”. The controversial Article, however, has always been challenged by various quarters who deem it as unfair and racist. The government realises the importance of explaining to the people the intended meaning of the Article. It has given its assurance that even though the Federal Constitution has given special privileges to the Malays and Bumiputera people, it is also committed in helping other communities to prosper. The introduction of 1Malaysia concept by Najib Razak has been seen as a step taken to include all people in the country’s development process. 5.7 NATIONAL SECURITY Malaysia confronted its first major security threat during the communist insurgency. The attempt to turn Malaysia into a communist state was viewed seriously by the leaders. Through a series of strategic actions and measures, the communist threat was able to be dealt with successfully. Another major threat emerged in 1969 following the racial clashes between the major ethnic groups. The second Prime Minister Abdul Razak took a swift action to prevent the racial conflict from affecting the country’s stability. The National Operations Council (NOP) was established to restore law and order. The 1969 ethnic clashes serve as a very important lesson to all Malaysians that ethnic issues must not be taken for granted and dealt with in the spirit of unity. The September 11, 2010 incident in the United States following a terrorist attack on the World Trade Centre (WTC) had also affected Malaysia. The incident prompted the government to launch an operation to safeguard the country from any terrorist threat. Malaysia supported the “war” to eliminate terrorist networks in Southeast Asia led by the United States. It also has taken an active role in gathering
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