The governor of Massachusetts called out the militia and restored order

The governor of massachusetts called out the militia

This preview shows page 5 - 7 out of 31 pages.

The governor of Massachusetts called out the militia and restored order. Americans could not govern themselves. The Constitution: The Bill of Rights: The first ten amendments to the Constitution. They prevent the national government from tampering with fundamental rights and civil liberties, and emphasize the limited character of national power. Significance of Social Contract Theory. Social Contract Theory: the belief that people agree to set up rulers for certain purposes and thus have the right to resist or remove rulers who act against those purposes. 5
Image of page 5

Subscribe to view the full document.

What is a republic? Republic: a government without a monarch; a government rooted in the consent of the governed, whose power is exercised by elected representatives responsible to the governed. Weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation. 1) They did not give the national government the power to tax congress had to plead for money from the states to pay for the war and carry on the affairs of the new nation. A government that cannot reliably raise revenue cannot expect to govern effectively. 2) They made no provision for an independent leadership position to direct the government (the president was merely the presiding officer of the congress) nation left without a leader. 3) They did not allow the national government to regulate interstate and foreign commerce. 4) They could not be amended without the unanimous agreement of the congress and the assent of all the state legislatures each state had the power to veto any changes to the confederation. Key elements of the Virginia and New Jersey Plans and the Great Compromise. The Virginia Plan: The powers of government can be divided among three separate branches: a legislative branch, for making laws ; an executive branch, for enforcing laws ; and a judicial branch, for interpreting laws . The scope of all three branches be far greater than that assigned the national government by the Articles of Confederation and the legislature by empowered to override state laws. The legislature consist of two houses: the first would be chosen by the people; the second by the members of the first house from among candidates nominated by the state legislatures. Each state’s representation in the legislature be in proportion to the taxes it paid to the national government or in proportion to its free population. The national judiciary include one or more supreme courts and other, lower courts , with judges appointed for life. The executive and a number of national judges serve as a council of revision, to approve or veto legislative acts. The New Jersey Plan: A single-chamber legislature has the power to raise revenue and regulate commerce .
Image of page 6
Image of page 7
  • Spring '17
  • Government, United States Congress, ​ immunity

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern

Ask Expert Tutors You can ask 0 bonus questions You can ask 0 questions (0 expire soon) You can ask 0 questions (will expire )
Answers in as fast as 15 minutes