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b.What is meant by authenticity? It has to do with the human capacity to come to judgements about what is true and what is good. c.Not as straightforward as it seems, since human beings do not always want to understand what is true and what is good. d.One way to prevent the authentic movement toward what is true and what is good is to block our questioning 2.Decline a.Blocks to understanding what is true and what is good 7
b.One way to prevent authentic movement toward what is true and what is good is to block our questioning 3.Redemption a.A different understanding which paves the way for a person to change their mind about something is from the perspective of Christian ethics, an experience of redemption. b.An important concept within Christian tradition c.Explains the Christian proclamation of Jesus as the Christ, as Redeemer and Saviour d.It is best understood as liberation from state to another, from bondage to liberation Progress: What it Means to be Human ●As we saw many times in this course, human beings ask questions and our questioning directs us toward what is true. It directs us toward what is, in fact, so. When we ask questions we want to know what is true. We do not ask questions to find out what is false. Blocks to Understanding ●Reluctance to ask questions ●Unblocking → conversion Vectors of Development ●Development has two vectors that we can think about in relation to cooperative and operative grace Development from Below Upwards ●Cooperative grace ●Refers to the natural growth we are all familiar with. ●Involves us in the effort and desire to grow and develop through questions and explorations ●Our development passes from experience to understanding, from understanding to to judgement, and from judgement to action. ●Christians experience their efforts as cooperation with God ●Example: Martin Luther King Jr. ○Three Points from MLK’s Example of Redemption 1.Self-purification 2.Conversion 3.Breaking the cycle Development from Above Downwards ●Operative grace ●Refers to the healing and recovery that comes about through redemption. ●It is a development that does not call for any cooperation whatsoever ●Happens beyond the person’s efforts ●It is God’s actions in their lives, turning them around, filling them with an experience of God’s love and grace, helping them to respond to others and to world events in a manner well beyond that of which we are capable of. Christian Faith and Followers of Christ ●Christian faith is a personal encounter with the power of grace that restores a person as a responsible agent of the good. 8
●This power is a mystery and a gift. It is revealed most fully in the death and resurrection of Christ. ●As we have seen, the faith perspective provides three analytic tools for understanding human affairs: ○Progress → What it Means to be Human ○Decline → A Flight from Understanding ○Redemption → A Conversion Experience Four Themes in Christian Ethics:Heuristics Not Principles 1.God’s Justice 2.Dignity of persons 3.Dignity of persons and the common good (human cooperation) 4.Preferential option for the poor 9