D1-The-Ultimate-Student’s-Guide-to-Preparing-for-the-AP-Spanish-Language-Exam-v2.pdf

Ex i doubt that it is going to rain dudo que vaya a

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Ex. I doubt that it is going to rain: Dudo que vaya a llover . O stands for ojalá; this is a set expression that shows extreme hope. Ex. I hope that the storm passes without harm: Ojalá que pase la tormenta sin daño.
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The Ultimate AP Spanish Language Grammar Review Guide Cont. 51 Interested in an Albert license? E-mail us at [email protected] Irregulars If there is an irregular stem in the ‘yo’ form in the present, that change will carry through all present subjunctive forms. Ex. Hacer in the present takes the form yo hago , so hacer in the subjunctive will be haga, hagas, haga, hagamos, hagáis, hagan . There are only six true irregulars in the present subjunctive; be familiar with them for the AP exam. Dar Estar Haber demos esté estemos haya hayamos des deis estés estéis hayas hayáis den esté estén haya hayan Ir Ser Saber vaya vayamos sea seamos sepa sepamos vayas vayáis seas seáis sepas sepáis vaya vayan sea sean sepa sepan Spelling Changes There are some spelling changes, in order to preserve the sound of verbs; these happen in verbs ending in -ger, -gir, -car, -gar, and -zar. That may seem like a lot, but if you say the verbs in your head, you can hear how they should sound and adjust accordingly!
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The Ultimate AP Spanish Language Grammar Review Guide Cont. 52 Interested in an Albert license? E-mail us at [email protected] Here are some examples: 1. -ger: g to j 2. escoger: escoja, escojas, escoja, escojamos, escojáis, escojan 3. -car: c to qu 4. explicar: explique, expliques, explique, expliquemos, expliquéis, expliquen 5, -gar: g to gu 6. llegar: llegue, llegues, llegue, lleguemos, lleguéis, lleguen 7. -zar: z to c 8. empezar: empiece, empieces, empiece, empecemos, empecéis, empiecen* *Note that stem-changing verbs still keep the pattern in which nosotros and vosotros have the regular stem. Some helpful hints for the AP Spanish exam: 1. Creer que, pensar que, and saber que do NOT use the subjunctive; they express certainty. 2. No creer que and no pensar que DO use the subjunctive; they express uncertainty/doubt. 3. Decir que uses the subjunctive when used in the “command” context (i.e., my mom tells me to do the dishes), but uses the indicative in the “reporting” context (she told me there was an earthquake. Note that the former use is a recommendation, while the latter indicates certainty.
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The Ultimate AP Spanish Language Grammar Review Guide Cont. 53 Interested in an Albert license? E-mail us at [email protected] The subjunctive is definitely challenging, but you have all the tools you need to use it. Plus, the more you can throw in (correctly) on the AP exam, the better the graders will score your proficiency! Object Pronouns Object pronouns are another little tactic you can use to amp up your proficiency score. So what are they? Object pronouns indicate who and what receives an action . You can use them to avoid repetition across sentences. There are two types: direct and indirect .
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