Traditional checks and balances view roosevelt and

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Traditional checks and balances view Roosevelt and the expansion of presidential powers. 1947 – National Security Act – set up the American security establishment  to fight the Cold War – Imperial Presidency and aftermath Creates the Department of Defense Creates a separate Air Force Creates the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) o Original thought- oversee all smaller intelligence agencies  and consolidate.
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Fear that the power could get so powerful that an almost monarchy would  be established – War Powers Act passed to check the powers of the  president o Size of Executive Branch – “necessary and appropriate force… to prevent future  acts of terrorism” – expansion of presidential power – war on people, that the  president can use as justification of military force. In 1960 and 1984, 1.04 million civilian employees in Dept. of Defense,  added 5 million Dept. of Defense contractors Some argue that by 2001, that number is doubled. o Rally around the flag – risk that the president could use military force without the  consent of Congress to distract the American public from domestic problems Clinton using military force against Sudan amidst impeachment scandals Approval goes up after successful use of military force The Congress o Constitutional Authority Declaring war Foreign trade Power of the purse (House of Representatives) – ultimate check on the  power of the president Of 120 treaties proposed, only about 20 have been shot down by the  president Army and Navy Commerce and foreign trade o Only declared wars in American history: War of 1812, Mexican War, Spanish- American War, WWI, WWII (11 declarations of war)
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