It provides a basis for understanding of learners needs attitude and teachin

It provides a basis for understanding of learners

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curriculum. It provides a basis for understanding of learners’ needs, attitude, and teaching- learning process. It forms the basis for the methods, materials and activities of learning. Psychological foundations helps the teacher to suggest ways and means to curriculum framers and administrators to prepare balanced curriculum which caters the diverse needs of the learners. REFERENCES: 1. Ames, C.A. (1991). Motivation: What Teachers Need to Know. Teachers College Record, 91 (3), 409-422. 2. Fernald, L.D., & Fernald, P.S. (2004). Nunn’s Introduction to Psychology (fifth edition). 3. A.I.T.B.S Publishers & Distributors, Delhi, pp. 53-56. 4. Cohen, E. (1994). Restructuring the Classroom: Conditions for Productive Small Groups. 5. United Publications, New York, pp. 321-348. Question No. 04 Explain the role of teacher in the cognitive development of students. THE ROLE OF THE TEACHER IN COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT Cognitive strategies are one type of learning strategy that learners use in order to learn more successfully. These include repetition, organizing new language, summarizing meaning, guessing P a g e 16 | 26
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Foundations of Education (0831) meaning from context, using imagery for memorization. All of these strategies involve deliberate manipulation of language to improve learning. Classifications of learning strategies distinguish between cognitive strategies and two other types, metacognitive strategies (organizing learning), and social/ affective strategies (which enable interaction). Cognitive Learning Activities for the Classroom Problem-solving skills are one of the chief aspects of a strong education. Learning ways to think and resolve issues and complex problems will help students with different facets of life. Read on to learn about a few cognitive learning activities you can use in the classroom. Objectives of Cognitive Learning Activities All cognitive learning activities are geared towards pushing students to work through different problems and stimuli. The goal is to get them thinking and applying problem-solving strategies without the use of preparation or steps that lead to an answer. You want to craft activities that will make your student apply logic, creativity, and close examination on the spot to produce an answer. Cognitive learning essentially relies on five principles: remembering, understanding, applying, evaluating, and creating. Below is a breakdown of each principle and some activities students can do that correspond to each. Remembering Activities that rely on remembering ask for the student to recall previously learned information to complete the task at hand. This might be a great review for the beginning of class to see if students are comprehending previous lessons. A couple of activities might be: a) Creating a timeline of important events from memory b) Make a game of reciting poetry or important writings c) Writing a paragraph or blurb detailing what they remember from last class Understanding Understanding activities directly engage students to see how they interpret information. This is a
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