This type of qualitative research study focuses on the essence of a phenomenon

This type of qualitative research study focuses on

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This type of qualitative research study focuses on the essence of a phenomenon as experienced by people. Phenomenology * % Which of the following is not a step in the phenomenologic approach? Inferring * % What is the basic social process women use through their menopausal transition?" is an example of a research question within which of the following traditions? Grounded theory * % "What is the essence of a mans experience with chemotherapy treatments for testicular cancer" is an example of a research question from which type of qualitative researcher? Phenomenology * % Have you grasped the essential concepts related to the design of quantitative research studies? Take the following true/false test to find out. % The researcher manipulates the dependent variable in experimental research. (F) % The experimental treatment is the independent variable. (T) % The one-group pretest-posttest design is an example of a pre-experimental design. (F) % The type of research that has the least controls associated with it is called quasi- experimental. (F) % The major threat to the external validity of a nonexperimental study is the selection threat. (F)
% The threat of mortality stems from differential attritions from groups. (T) % The threat of maturation can be related to factors such as growth and fatigue of subjects. (T) % If there is no constancy of conditions in a study, history becomes a potential threat to the external validity of the study. (F) % More than one type of research control may be used in a study. (T) % Retrospective designs are stronger in determining causal relationships that prospective designs. (F) % A study that focused on development among preterm infants would ideally be a longitudinal design. (T) % The risk of self-selection bias is not a potential problem in an experimental study. (T) % A researcher would choose a nonexperimental approach when ethical constraints prevented manipulation of the independent variable. (T) % The pretest-posttest design collects data from subjects twice. (T) % Answer the following questions true or false. % Size alone can guarantee a good sample. (F) % Sampling issues are handled differently by qualitative and quantitative researchers. (T) % Qualitative researchers employ very different sampling strategies and are guided by different considerations than quantitative researchers. (T) % In qualitative research random sampling is not attempted. (T) % In qualitative research sample size is determined by data adequacy rather than the need to achieve certain statistical goals. (T) % A sample for a quantitative study is good if it is representative. (T) % In quantitative research size, method of selection, response rate and subject attrition would all be factors in determining the quality of a sample. (T) % Many quantitative studies in nursing have weak sampling designs. (T) % Power analysis is used to estimate the sample size needed to adequately test research hypotheses. (T) % The researcher hand-picks people to be included in a study in cluster sampling. (F) % The selection of participants or sampling from a population using random procedures. (probability sampling)

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