NAVAL SPECIAL OPERATIONS FORCES (NAVSOF). NAVSOF is an umbrella term for naval forces that conduct and support special operations. NAVAL SPECIAL WARFARE (NSW). A naval war- fare specialty that conducts special operations with an emphasis on maritime, coastal, and riverine environ- ments using small, flexible, mobile units operating under, on, and from the sea. NAVAL SPECIAL WARFARE GROUP (NSWG). A per- manent Navy echelon III major command to which most NSW forces are assigned for some operational and all administrative purposes. It consists of a group headquarters with command and control, communica- tions, and support staff; SEAL teams; and SEAL delivery vehicle teams. NAVAL SPECIAL WARFARE TASK GROUP (NSWTG). A provisional NSW organization that plans, conducts, and supports special operations in support of fleet com- manders and joint force special operations component commanders. NAVAL SPECIAL WARFARE TASK UNIT (NSWTU). A provisional subordinate unit of a naval special warfare task group. OPERATIONAL CONTROL (OPCON). Command authority that may be exercised by commanders at any echelon at or below the level of combatant command. Operational control is inherent in combatant command (command authority) and may be delegated within the command. Operational control is the authority to perform those functions of command over subordinate forces involving organizing and employing commands and forces, assigning tasks, designating objectives, and giving authoritative direction over all aspects of military operations and joint training necessary to accomplish missions assigned to the command. Operational con- trol should be exercised through the commanders of subordinate organizations. Normally this authority is exercised through subordinate joint force commanders and service and/or functional component commanders. Operational control normally provides full authority to organize commands and forces and to employ those forces as the commander in operational control consid- ers necessary to accomplish assigned missions; it does not, in and of itself, include authoritative direction for logistics or matters of administration, discipline, internal organization, or unit training. PSYCHOLOGICAL OPERATIONS (PSYOP). NATO still uses the term Psychological Operations. Planned operations to convey selected information and indica- tors to foreign audiences to influence their emotions, motives, objective reasoning, and ultimately the behavior of foreign governments, organizations, groups, and individuals. The purpose of PSYOP is to induce or reinforce foreign attitudes and behavior favorable to the originator’s objectives. RAID. An operation to temporarily seize an area in order to secure information, confuse an adversary, capture personnel or equipment, or destroy a capability culminating with a planned withdrawal.
- Spring '19
- John Foe
- United States Army, Special Activities Division, United States Navy SEALs, United States Special Operations Command, Special Operations University