That quality of life and illness are not tied to only

This preview shows page 9 - 11 out of 35 pages.

that quality of life and illness are not tied to only gender, but also social class, race and age - Symbolic Interactionist Perspective: focus on how meanings, definitions and labels influence health, illness and healthcare, and how such meanings are learned through interaction with others and the media (Example: In some countries being fat as seen as being healthy and prosperous and in others its seen as unhealthy, mental illness and lack of self-control, before smoking was deemed unsafe it used to be cool or fashionable) - Queer Theory Perspective: developed largely as a response to the HIV/AIDS management in North America, the theory draws attention to the problems, risk of transmission. The theory also focuses of successfully contesting that homosexuality is a mental illness, but instead how mental illness affect those who are mistreated for their sexual identity. - Critical Race Theory: access historical and contemporary evidence to show that both race and ethnicity are socially constructed ways of conceiving people according to hierarchy and segregated sets of assumptions applied to the health care system in the sense that the social value a health-care provider ascribes to specific populations, or assumptions they make can negatively impact the care that the marginalized group receive, therefore negatively impacting a group’s willingness to seek healthcare - Leading group of physicians have identified poverty as the world’s leading health problem, poverty is associated with unsanitary living conditions, hazardous working conditions, lack of access to medical care and inadequate nutrition - Although Canada has universally insured health care lower income families have difficulty with other health services like dentistry, eye care, mental health counselling and prescription drugs - Lower socio-economic individuals suffer from greater stress/mental illness due to their deprived and difficult living conditions – higher mortality - Low levels of education are associated with higher risk for health problems, less educated men and women have higher suicide rates, less educated women are more likely to not seek prenatal care, smoke during pregnancy, etc. Higher infant mortality and disorders occurs when mothers are uneducated - Gender discrimination and violence against women causes adverse health effects, 1 in 3 women have been beaten, cohered into sex or abused in some way - In Africa women outnumber men by 2 million for being HIV positive, because they do not have the social power to refuse sex - Before the 20 th century women have much shorter life expectancies then men because of pregnancy and childbirth - Racial and ethnic minority status in Canada are posed by inadequate income, welfare dependency, sub-standard living conditions leading to high stress and mental illness, this is apparent in the lives of many Aboriginals
- The aboriginal minority in Canada live on average 7 years fewer, have an infant mortality rate 2-4 times higher, triple the rate of diabetes, double the deaths due to HIV/AIDS,

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture