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children of women with a basic education were consistently higher than those of babies born to uneducated women. A UNESCO study demonstrated that giving women just a primary school education decreases child mortality by 5 to 10 percent.The health advantages of education extend beyond childbirth. The dreaded disease AIDS spreads twice as fast, a Zambian study shows, among uneducated girls than among those who have been to school. Educated girls marry later, and are less susceptible to abuse by older men. And educated women tend to have fewer children, space them more wisely, and so look after them better; women with seven years’ education, according to one study, had two or three fewer children than women with no schooling. The World Bank has estimated that for every four yearsof education, fertility is reduced by about one birth per mother.The more girls that go to secondary school, the Bank adds, the higher the country’s per capitaincome growth. And when girls work in the fields, as so many have to do across the developing world, their schooling translates directly to increased agricultural productivity, which in turn leads to a decline in malnutrition The marvelous thing about women is that they like to learn from other women, so the success of educated women is usually quickly emulated by their uneducated sisters and women spend increased income on their families, which men do not necessarily do.
6.) Business-Government Trade Relations: Governments normally restrict trade through political,economic or cultural barriers. Briefly discuss how governments use tariffs, quotas, embargoes and local content requirements to restrict free trade. In your opinion should the United States lift the trade embargo against Cuba? Support your opinion.Tariffs can be used to raise revenue for the government or in order to benefit a certain segment of the economy. You might pressure Congress to enact a tariff on imports if your industry is subject to foreign competition. For example, for years the United States' steel industrywas protected from cheap foreign competition by protective tariffs. In 2007, India proposed a tariff on rice exports in order to prevent food shortages. Quotas are limits on trade. Instead of a tax on imports, you might use a quota to limit the number of imported goods coming into your country. In the 1970s and 1980s, U.S. automobile manufacturers and labor unions supported government quotas on foreign car imports to limit competition and preserve American jobs. The result was higher prices and lower quality. Eventually, Japanese and German firms bypassed the quotas by establishing their factories in the United States. In the end, domestic producers faced more competition at home and labor unions suffered as foreign firms established their factories in states where unions had less power.An embargo is a ban on trade with another country. The purpose of an embargo is usuallyto punish a country for some offense. The embargo many of us are most familiar with is America's embargo against Cuba. In the wake of the communist revolution, and later the Cuban Missile Crisis, the United States enacted an embargo that banned all trade with the island nation.