Teenagers become more self-conscious than adults are due to changes in brain associated with different Implications for adolescent behavior (correlation) - Adolescent behavior affects brain development - More sophisticated cognitive abilities still developing until 20s, basic abilities developed (more like adults than children are) - Average IQ is 100 Types of Intelligence Sternberg’s triarchic theory - Componential book smarts - Experiental creativity - Contextual street smarts Gardner’s Theory - Verbal, math, spatial, kinesthetic, self-respective (introspection), interpersonal, musical Vygotsky emphasized context in which intellectual development occurs - Zone of proximal development (difference between what the learner can do with help vs without help) - Scaffolding (teaching in a way that’s just a little bit above the person’s knowledge, letting them figure things out on their own) Social cognition - thinking about people, social relationships, and social institutions - conceptions of interpersonal relationships mature
Psychology of Adolescence Notes - understanding of human behavior more advanced - ideas about social institutions and organizations more complex - ability to figure out what other people think is more accurate 4 categories of social cognition - theory of mind, risk-taking behavior - Behavioral decision theory (aware of risk but do certain things anyway) - Adolescents drive more recklessly when they are alone or with peers rather than with adults in the car - Adolescents and adults evaluate desirability of possible consequences differently - Adolescents are more attuned to potential rewards than adults are. More beneficial to remind adolescents that rewards of risky behavior is small rather than telling them about costs/consequences Ch.3 Social Transitions Social redefinition (on exam)- process through which an individual’s position or status is redefined by society In all societies- adolescence is a period of social transition and individual becomes recognized as an adult 9/20/17 “begins in biology ends in culture” identity: attainment of adult status causes adolescents to feel more mature and to think more seriously about future work and family roles autonomy: adult status leads to shifts in responsibility, independence, and freedom intimacy, dating, marriage: need for new decisions about sexual activity achievement: becoming a full-time employee, leaving school on their own volition Elongation of adolescence - adolescence lasts longer than ever before - start puberty earlier and enter into adult roles of work/family later - “begins in biology ends in culture” - has implications for how young people see themselves, relate to others, and develop psychologically recall: discussion about how sexual maturation effects relationship with parents, common argument for elongation is “we psychologically mature before we mature financially” - inventionists argue that adolescence is mainly a social convention - defined primarily by how society views individuals
Psychology of Adolescence Notes - pg.73 child protectionists argue that young people need to be kept away from the labor
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