Vocational Guidance Movement In 1908 Frank Parsons founded a Vocational Bureau

Vocational guidance movement in 1908 frank parsons

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Vocational Guidance Movement: In 1908, Frank Parsons, founded a Vocational Bureau in Boston. Parsons concern and belief was that if individuals can understand their strengths and weaknesses, such knowledge can be used to choose vocational opportunities This pioneering effort played a great role in the evolution of modern Guidance and Counselling.The vocational guidance movement was an attempt to reduce problems of unemployment, want and poverty among underprivileged Americans.. This experiments started by Parsons yielded positive results in that many youngsters benefited tremendously from the services rendered by the bureau (Shertzer and Stone, 1976). Other pioneers in the advancement of counselling associated with the vocational guidance movement are Meyer Bloomfield, who succeeded Parsons as director of Boston’s Vocational Guidance Bureau, Frank P. Godwin of the Cincinnati School system, Jesse B. Davis, Eli Weaver in New York, George Merril in San Francisco and Hugo Munsterberg of Harvard University. Each of these guidance pioneers put in their best to see to the growth of the service. For instance, in 1910, Meyer Bloomfield single handedly promoted the first National Conference on vocational guidance in the United States of America. Eli Weaver, on the other hand, promoted the Second National Conference on vocational guidance in 1912 while George Menil was the first American to practice counselling within the school system when he was a tutor in 1895 at the Californian School of Mechanical Arts, San Francisco. Hugo Munsterberg also pioneered the development of career guidance in industry with the publication of his text titled “P sychology and Industrial Efficiency . Guidance and counselling actually started in United States of America with emphasis on vocational guidance. It is on the same trend that it started in Nigeria considering the purpose and efforts of the Reverend Sisters at St There sa’s College Ibadan. It is worthy of note that emphasis on vocational guidance in the historical
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