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10 all forms fail to account for our sense of

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10.All forms fail to account for our sense of integrity, e.g. The chemist; M.L.K., and Jim in thejungle.(See Readings:Selections from J.J.C. Smart and Bernard Williams,Utilitarianism: Forand Against- Jim the Botanist) (Criterion 5 - adequacy)This is anICCexercise illustrating a criticism of Utilitarianism concerning how it deals with an individuals' relationship tohis/her actions. The holding of firm moral principles would be discouraged in Utilitarianism because of the possibility thatutility may require the violation of such principles and thus add to the agent's distress. It would be better for the utilitarian tonothold strong views. Utilitarianism also suggests that we are just causal agents in the world. Our own attitudes are irrelevant tofiguring out the rightness of an action. But what we do is part of our biography. The claim is that the utilitarian approachviolates or fails to capture our sense of Integrity.What would a Utilitarian do in each of these cases? Explain What would you do in each of these cases?Things to Ponder:Explain andillustrate the criticism that Utilitarianism fails to account for our sense of integrity. What doyou think of this objection? Wouldn’t a utilitarian be better off if they had no strongly held principles?From J.J.C. Smart and Bernard Williams,Utilitarianism: For and Against.New York:Cambridge University Press, 1973, pp. 98-99ISBN 0-521-09822-XJungle JimJim finds himself in the central square of a small South American town. Tied up against the wallare twenty Indians, most terrified, a few defiant. In front of them are several armed men in uniform. Aheavy man in a sweat-stained khaki shirt turns out to be the captain in charge and, after a good deal ofquestioning of Jim which establishes that he got there by accident while on a botanical expedition,explains that the Indians are a random group of the inhabitants who, after recent acts of protest against thegovernment, are just about to be killed to remind other possible protesters of the advantages of notprotesting. However, since Jim is an honored visitor from another land, the captain is happy to offer him aguest's privilege of killing one of the Indians himself.If Jim accepts, then as a special mark of theoccasion, the other Indians will be let off. Of course, if Jim refuses, then there is no special occasion, and21
Pedro here will do what he was about to do when Jim arrived, and kill them all. Jim, with some desperaterecollection of schoolboy fiction, wonders whether if He got hold of a gun, he could hold the captain,Pedro and the rest of the soldiers to threat, but it is quite clear from the set-up that nothing of that kind isgoing to work: any attempt at that sort of thing will mean that all the Indians will be killed, and himself.

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