100%(2)2 out of 2 people found this document helpful
This preview shows page 2 - 3 out of 5 pages.
The avia!on industry relies heavily on different agencies for safety, security, preven!ve mishaps or accidents, and guidelines for keeping air traﬃcopera!ng smoothly. Simply put, the Department of Transporta!on (DOT), the Transporta!on Safety Administra!on (TSA), the Federal Avia!onAdministra!on (FAA), and the Na!onal Transporta!on Safety Board (NTSB) all take part in ensuring the safe opera!ons of commercial airlines withinthe United States.The DOT was established by congress in 1966, and finally became opera!onal in 1967 (DOT, 2020). According to the Dept. of Transporta!on, themission is to “ensure our na!on is the safest, most eﬃcient and modern transporta!on system in the world…” (pp. 01, 2020).The DOT is an agency thatoversees and supervises the development and upkeep of transport systems in the U.S. Airlines have to follow basic rules and regula!ons set by theDOT for effec!ve and eﬃcient opera!ons. The DOT secretary is in charge of genera!ng policies for promo!ng intermodal transporta!on.The FAA is the air transport authority designated by the DOT, and focuses their oversight on civil avia!on by developing standards and regula!ons inthe fields of opera!on, aircra$maintenance, and cer!fica!ons of aircra$. Constructed in 1958, and later adop!ng the current name in 1967, the FAAplays major roles in: promo!ng safety through regula!ons, encouraging the development and technological growth in aeronau!cs, genera!ng air traﬃccontrol systems for civil and military aircra$, developing an eﬃcient na!onal airspace system, carrying out noise control and other environmentprograms, and now regula!ng space travel (FAA, 2020). By being designated by the DOT, the FAA takes full command of rules and regula!ons thatairlines must comply with in order to remain opera!onal. The FAA works with the NTSB and DOT to generate standards at which civil and commercialavia!on should meet.The NTSB is actually its own agency, being dependent from the DOT since 1974. As stated by NTSB, the agency is “charged by congress withinves!ga!ng every civil avia!on accident in the United States and significant accidents in other modes of transporta!on…” (pp. 01, 2020). The NTSBtakes what if finds from inves!ga!ons, and develops preventa!ve measures that are recommended to airlines and the FAA in hopes of avoiding similaraccidents. In most cases, the FAA will update regula!ons and policies that reflect the NTSB findings in order to be%er the avia!on industry.The TSA is strictly a security agency aimed at preven!ng threats to transporta!on. The agency is a result of the 9/11 a%acks that killed thousands ofAmericans as terrorists used hijacked airliners to cause horrific devasta!on in the United States. Only a few months a$er the a%acks did the TSAbecome established through the Avia!on and Transporta!on Security Act (TSA, 2020). Just as the NTSB generates preventa!ve measures throughdifferent events, so does the TSA with new findings and a con!nuously evolving security threat. Aircra$and airlines rely heavily on these agencies forimproving their opera!on process, which incorporate the overall safety aspect of both plane and passenger.