The avia on industry relies heavily on di ff erent agencies for safety security

The avia on industry relies heavily on di ff erent

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The avia ! on industry relies heavily on di ff erent agencies for safety, security, preven ! ve mishaps or accidents, and guidelines for keeping air tra c opera ! ng smoothly. Simply put, the Department of Transporta ! on (DOT), the Transporta ! on Safety Administra ! on (TSA), the Federal Avia ! on Administra ! on (FAA), and the Na ! onal Transporta ! on Safety Board (NTSB) all take part in ensuring the safe opera ! ons of commercial airlines within the United States. The DOT was established by congress in 1966, and finally became opera ! onal in 1967 (DOT, 2020). According to the Dept. of Transporta ! on, the mission is to “ensure our na ! on is the safest, most e cient and modern transporta ! on system in the world…” (pp. 01, 2020).The DOT is an agency that oversees and supervises the development and upkeep of transport systems in the U.S. Airlines have to follow basic rules and regula ! ons set by the DOT for e ff ec ! ve and e cient opera ! ons. The DOT secretary is in charge of genera ! ng policies for promo ! ng intermodal transporta ! on. The FAA is the air transport authority designated by the DOT, and focuses their oversight on civil avia ! on by developing standards and regula ! ons in the fields of opera ! on, aircra $ maintenance, and cer ! fica ! ons of aircra $ . Constructed in 1958, and later adop ! ng the current name in 1967, the FAA plays major roles in: promo ! ng safety through regula ! ons, encouraging the development and technological growth in aeronau ! cs, genera ! ng air tra c control systems for civil and military aircra $ , developing an e cient na ! onal airspace system, carrying out noise control and other environment programs, and now regula ! ng space travel (FAA, 2020). By being designated by the DOT, the FAA takes full command of rules and regula ! ons that airlines must comply with in order to remain opera ! onal. The FAA works with the NTSB and DOT to generate standards at which civil and commercial avia ! on should meet. The NTSB is actually its own agency, being dependent from the DOT since 1974. As stated by NTSB, the agency is “charged by congress with inves ! ga ! ng every civil avia ! on accident in the United States and significant accidents in other modes of transporta ! on…” (pp. 01, 2020). The NTSB takes what if finds from inves ! ga ! ons, and develops preventa ! ve measures that are recommended to airlines and the FAA in hopes of avoiding similar accidents. In most cases, the FAA will update regula ! ons and policies that reflect the NTSB findings in order to be % er the avia ! on industry. The TSA is strictly a security agency aimed at preven ! ng threats to transporta ! on. The agency is a result of the 9/11 a % acks that killed thousands of Americans as terrorists used hijacked airliners to cause horrific devasta ! on in the United States. Only a few months a $ er the a % acks did the TSA become established through the Avia ! on and Transporta ! on Security Act (TSA, 2020). Just as the NTSB generates preventa ! ve measures through di ff erent events, so does the TSA with new findings and a con ! nuously evolving security threat. Aircra $ and airlines rely heavily on these agencies for improving their opera ! on process, which incorporate the overall safety aspect of both plane and passenger.

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