100%(4)4 out of 4 people found this document helpful
This preview shows page 9 - 11 out of 12 pages.
Social Relations vary depending on how many people are interacting, how intimate the interaction is, the purpose of the interaction, and where the interaction occurs.oCharacter of Social RelationsCooperationA mode of interaction in which power is more or less equally distributed between people of different status. Trust is the dominant emotion in systems of interaction basedon cooperation. CompetitionA mode of interaction in which power can bounce from one person to another. Envy is the dominant emotion in systems of interaction based on competition. DominationA mode of interaction in which nearly all of the power is concentrated in the hands of the person with higher status. Fear is the dominant emotion in systems of interaction based on domination. Indifference
A mode where people don’t care about power. Ethnomethodology: the study of the methods that ordinary people use to make sense of what others do and say during interaction. It highlights the extent to which norms and roles structure our social relations. oSocial interaction requires tacit agreement between the actors about what is normal and expected. oEveryday interactions could not take place without pre-existing shared norms and understandingsNorms and understandings allow people to make sense of their world in a similar way, interact peacefully with limited misunderstanding. oTo show this, ethnomethodologists do experiments in which individuals fragrantly break norms during social relations and observe the reaction. Chapter 6 – Social Structures: Networks, Groups, Bureaucracies, and SocietiesSocial Structures: relatively stable patterns of social relationsoSocial Network: a bounded set on individuals who are linked by the exchange of material, information, or emotional resources. It is one of the most basic patterns of social relations. The most elementary network forms are dyads and triadsDyad: social relationship between two nodes of social units (e.g. people, firms, organizations, countries). Triad: social relationship between three nodes. oOrganizations: group of people who follow formal rules and procedures to collectively pursue a specificset of goals. Organizations are phenomenal technologies that allow us to accomplish things we couldn’t as individualsMax Weber believed the emergence of powerful political and economic organizations contributed to the rise of Europe as the world’s leading powerBureaucracy: A term created by Max Weber to describe the form of modern organizations.