•For a brown region, you either draw two tiles from the brown sectionof thetechboard or draw one tile from anywhere.•Thetechnology tilesmust be acquired from low to high – so youcan't acquire a 4 unless you have a 3 – but you can have multipletechstacks.You must meet a certain technology threshold in order to playthe orange cards and acquire their special power.
56Origin•In addition,you can score points during the game byoccupying a grassland on a continentor the two regions onopposite sides of a waterway strait.•Players take turns until either all of the pieces are on thegame board or all the tiles have been acquired or all thecards of one color have been drawn. Once this happens,players tally their points for objectives, grasslands, straits,techtiles, and cards still in hand to see who wins!
58Technology•Assumption of expansion•Leapfrog vs. Scaffolding•Mobile•Solar
59Human timeline•Human evolution 1 million years•Homo sapiens 120,000 yearsago•Paleolithic•Old stone age•Agricultural revolution•10,000 years ago•Neolithic•Newstone age•Industrial revolution•1750 A.D.
60After the Ice Age•Human societiesbegan to change13,000 years ago•when the last ice agemelted
61After the Ice Age•Different societiesresulted:•Some literate•industrial•Some illiterate•agricultural•Some hunter gatherers•retaining stone tools
62Cro Magnons•Cro-Magnons movedintoEurope 40,000 years ago.•Technologies:•Tools, needles, fishhooks,harpoons, bowsand arrows,sewn clothing, houses,carefully buried skeletons, art,hunting big prey.•Displaced or killed offNeandertals-lm-s1k6g/s1600-h/Lascaux-salle-des-taureaux.jpgCave Paintings, Lascaux France
63Spreading Out•40,000-30,000 years ago•Technology:•water craft to cross fromAsia to Indonesia toAustralia and NewGuinea.•Time period correlates to•massive extinction oflarge game in thoseplaces.
64Large Game in Eurasia•Diamond's theory:•large game survived inEurasia because•humans took a million years•to develop tools•become lethal predators oflarge game•Gave Eurasian game time toadapt.
65Spreading to the Americas•20,000 years ago•Technology•clothing and shelter to surviveSiberia•led to migration to Americasby 12,000BC.•It took 1,000yearsforhumans to get to S. America.•Time period correlates to•massive extinction of largegame in Americas:•Horses,lions,elephants,cheetahs, camels, andgiantgroundsloths.
66Conquest of the New World•"The biggest population shift ofmodern times•has been the colonization of thenew World by Europeans,•and the resulting•conquest,•numerical reduction,•or complete disappearance•of most groups of NativeAmericans".