Chapter 17 - Solution Manual

A better estimate than any other amount however the

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a better estimate than any other amount, however, the minimum amount in the range shall be accrued. Even though the minimum amount in the range is not necessarily the amount of loss that will be ultimately determined, it is not likely that the ultimate loss will be less than the minimum amount. Examples 1–2 (see paragraphs 450-20-55-18 through 55-35) illustrate the application of these initial measurement standards. 450-20-50 Disclosure General Accruals for Loss Contingencies 50-1 Disclosure of the nature of an accrual made pursuant to the provisions of paragraph 450- 20-25-2, and in some circumstances the amount accrued, may be necessary for the financial statements not to be misleading. Terminology used shall be descriptive of the nature of the accrual, such as estimated liability or liability of an estimated amount. The term reserve shall not be used for an accrual made pursuant to paragraph 450-20-25-2; that term is limited to an amount of unidentified or unsegregated assets held or retained for a specific purpose. Examples 1 (see paragraph 450-20-55-18) and 2, Cases A, B, and D (see paragraphs 450-20-55-23, 450-20-55-27, and 450-20-55-32) illustrate the application of these disclosure standards.
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372 50-2 If the criteria in paragraph 275-10-50-8 are met, paragraph 275-10-50-9 requires disclosure of an indication that it is at least reasonably possible that a change in an entity's estimate of its probable liability could occur in the near term. Example 3 (see paragraph 450-20- 55-36) illustrates this disclosure for an entity involved in litigation. Unrecognized Contingencies 50-3 Disclosure of the contingency shall be made if there is at least a reasonable possibility that a loss or an additional loss may have been incurred and either of the following conditions exists: a. An accrual is not made for a loss contingency because any of the conditions in paragraph 450-20-25-2 are not met. b. An exposure to loss exists in excess of the amount accrued pursuant to the provisions of paragraph 450-20-30-1. Examples 1–3 (see paragraphs 450-20-55-18 through 55-37) illustrate the application of these disclosure standards. 50-4 The disclosure in the preceding paragraph shall include both of the following: a. The nature of the contingency b. An estimate of the possible loss or range of loss or a statement that such an estimate cannot be made. 50-5 Disclosure is preferable to accrual when a reasonable estimate of loss cannot be made. For example, disclosure shall be made of any loss contingency that meets the condition in paragraph 450-20-25-2(a) but that is not accrued because the amount of loss cannot be reasonably estimated (the condition in paragraph 450-20-25-2[b]). Disclosure also shall be made of some loss contingencies that do not meet the condition in paragraph 450-20-25-2(a)—namely, those contingencies for which there is a reasonable possibility that a loss may have been incurred even though information may not indicate that it is probable that an asset had been impaired or a liability had been incurred at the date of the financial statements.
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