Their negative consequences has to be evaluated by using scientific methods. 7. There are some ethical and social concerns related to technology that resist straight forward solutions (Shi & Singh, 2012). According to Warner (1982), from an economic standpoint, technology comprises all the contributions, whether it is human or non-human in creation and managing medical goods and services. Medical technology is providing best facilities, which is making health services easy and time efficient. But the major issue with those services is cost. Resources: Shi, L., Singh, D.A., 2012. Delivering health care in America: A system of approach. 5 th ed. Jones and Bartlett Learning, LLC. Warner, K.E., 1982. Effects of hospital cost containment on the development and use of medical technology. Technology and the future of health care. J.B. McKinlay, ed. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. Pp. 41-65. CHAP: 8 Smart Cards and Health care: Use of smart cards is increasing to provide identity, security, and privacy to patient’s information. As this card contains all the necessary information about the patient, it reduce the chances of healthcare fraud and support new processes for portable medical records. For the insured people, it is safe, easy, and quick to claim their insurance company and the company will send money to the providers and no paperwork needed for claiming throughout the process. It reduces the paper work and risk of error for the public security organizations by increasing efficiency and safety of money (Favier, 2007). Smart cards are convenient in many ways. All the past and present information related to health care about the patient can be found easily and quickly. It benefits in saving money by replacing paper based system with an electronic system, in which e-prescription can also be done. For example; France adapted smart card health program roll-out in 1998.
About 1 billion claims were processed manually each year, which is almost 4 million each day, before the large scale development of SESAM-Vitale cards in France. In 2005, they recorded that about 1 billion electronic claims were processed electronically (Favier, 2007). This is a huge saving in terms of paper based system. In US, the administrative cost was around $156 billion in 2007 and it is projected, that it will increase up to $315 billion by 2018 (Collins et al., 2009, Yong et al., 2010). These numbers suggests, that US health care should definitely adapt this program. Other European countries like UK, Austria, Germany, Slovenia, and the Netherlands have started adapting to the similar program. References: Collins, S.R., Nuzum, R., Rustgi, S.D., Mika. S., Schoen, C., Davis, K., 2009. How health care reform can lower the costs of insurance administration. Issue Brief (Commonw Fund) 61: 1-19. Favier, F., 2007. Smart cards and health care. Card Technology Today 19(11-12): 10. DOI: 10.1016/S0965-2590(07)70155-X or Retrieved from: 155X Yong, P.L., Saunders, R.S., Olsen, L.A., 2010. The Healthcare Imperative: Lowering Costs and Improving Outcomes: Workshop Series Summary. Washington: DC. Retrieved from
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