More extended accounts of succession struggles and

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more extended accounts of succession struggles and internal dissent Tarquinius Priscus “the Old” In Livy’s account had Greek father, Etruscan mother affable and competent but also a schemer practices “popular” politics with ambiguous motives Servius Tullius name sounds like servus, Latin for “slave” associated with the most enduring institutions: census and a defensive wall possibly something like a Greek “tyrant”, an individual who gains power by inserting himself between elite and masses; using the political resources of those just outside the elite as a power base to gain a foothold into the elite anti-elite in a practical kind of way Census classes Equestrians or “knights” p. 46 (above even the first class) Classes 1-5 p. 82 Proletarii, Class 6 p. 83 “offspring” in Latin, contribute their offspring to the army because they are too poor to be able to provide anything material Principles of the Census described by Livy and others as military in origin and character, but it’s not clear that this is historically accurate these census classes form the basis of one of the most important assemblies, the centuriate assembly (comitia centuriata) upper centuries have fewer people than lower ones, more exclusive vote starts with first class and goes down until a majority have voted, so it hardly ever went beyond the first and second class not democratic as we might think, a corporate vote by groups formalizes and supports hierarchy - rights and responsibilities are assigned according to wealth Cicero - “greatest power should not rest with the greatest number” The Republic , 2.39 even as the census supports hierarchy, it’s possible to conceive of it as too popular (p. 88, rich carried the burdens of defending the people, made them make their wealth public, etc -Servius can be seen as minimizing power of elite) conceives of the Roman citizen body as a fighting force, even the proletarii contribute offspring to the future fighting force of Rome this notion of “manpower”, i.e. the demographic resources to continually field armies, is central to Rome’s image of itself and also (probably) to its actual military success Who were the Etruscans? league of 12 city states; speak a non-Italic language well-developed style in visual art and architecture possibly the source of Roman cultural practices in theater, religion, and politics 1/26/18 From kings to consuls what kind of political change is this? “tyranny” and oligarchy Etruscan kings the narrative of Tarquinius Superbus Brutus and Lucretia: a foundation legend for the Republic When did it happen?
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in addition to dating years from the foundation of the city, Romans also referred to years by consuls they kept long-term records of consuls and these generally agree in placing the first consuls in the late 6th century
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