1858 batista launches operation verano la ofensiva to

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1858: Batista launches Operation Verano (la Ofensiva to the rebels) – Castro’sguerilla tactics defeat Cuban armyBattle of La Plata (1958) – Castro defeat 500-men battalionM-26-7 almost defeated, but escape during ceasefireAug 8: Castro’s entire army escapes, ends in failure for Batista’s governmentBattle of Santa Clara (Dec. 1958)Che Guevara takes Santa ClaraFriction between Che Guevara and Castro’s groups of rebelsCastro appoints Lleo as first new presidentWEEK 46/24: Lecture 7 – Cuban Revolution to the Special Period, Neoliberalism, Rastafarianism, and Picturing Havana-See general topics & themes slide-Cuban Revolutiono1959, April 15: Castro begins 11 day visit to USoCastro – “We’re not Communists”oCastro’s gov begins making reforms – wealthier/ideologically opposed seek to leave to US1960: CIA gets permission to overthrow Castro’s govCastro starts allying with SovietsoRomantic Phase (1959-61)
Novels criticize Batista and US, demonstrate different memoriesoExporting the RevolutionUnlike ToussaintCuba = leader in non-aligned movementSupported lots of other evolutionary movements in other countrieso1961-2008More power exercised by governmentOppressed religion, controlled education, moved against mafiaFounded IRO, transformed into Communist Partyo1963: JFK admits that US was partly responsible for creating Cuban Revolution situation-RastafarianismoHaile Selassie = “new Christ, black Christ”oJah – “God”, linked to Jehovah and Jupiter (Zeus the Father)oBelief in Pan-AfricanismoEthiopia = “African Zion” – linked to “Nan Guinea”, return of soul to AfricaoBabylon = represents the Westo2ndStage: colonial liberationoFlag becomes basis of Pan-African flag

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