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52After several ABCs were rejected, Chinese American families in 1994 sued the school district, thestate of California, and the NAACP, alleging that unfair racial quotas were unconstitutional. Six yearslater, the school board resolved the suit by abandoning its plans for affirmative action and upholdinga racially neutral admissions policy. Immediately, the number of black and Latino acceptancesplummeted while that of Chinese Americans and whites soared; severe racial imbalances emergedwithin a year.53Research has shown that adolescence is already one of the most traumatic stages of human life, andmoving from one culture to another during this period only makes the experience worse. For thosewho arrived without the protective support of their parents, the experience could be devastating.54A symbiotic relationship evolved between the Bay Area and Asia. For instance, while newcompanies in Silicon Valley produced cutting-edge hardware and software, the island of Taiwanserved as a manufacturing center, supplying the industry with computer components and peripherals.55During those heady years of the Internet boom, there were other success stories, though less wellknown. Tony Hsieh founded a startup called LinkExchange with a fellow Harvard classmate andimmediately sold it to Microsoft for a reported $250 million. (The terms of the agreement preventedhim from disclosing the actual figure.) Initially, his parents—both scientific professionals withdoctorates—had been distressed by Tony’s decision to become an entrepreneur. “At first my parents
were a bit surprised and not happy that I was leaving a steady job at Oracle to start this company,”Hsieh said. “Actually, they weren’t even happy that I went to Oracle in the first place, because theywanted me to get my Ph.D.” It didn’t matter whether the Ph.D. was in computer science or not: “Theyjust wanted the letters after my name.” few corporate players. By the end of the twentieth century,even colossal semiconductor companies began cutting costs by farming out their fabrication work toTaiwan.56Most of the Chinese H1-B visa holders came from the People’s Republic of China, not Taiwan.During the late 1980s and 1990s, Taiwan experienced a reverse brain drain in relation to the UnitedStates. Unlike the Taiwanese who chose to stay in the United States after graduating from Americanuniversities during the 1960s and 1970s, more Taiwanese students are now returning to the islandafter obtaining their degrees, to take advantage of better employment opportunities there. High-techworkers from the PRC, however, are more eager to stay in the United States.57Some of these books asserted, on the basis of scant evidence, that President Bill Clinton had sold outAmerican security for PRC bribes, that mainland China had stolen military secrets from the UnitedStates, and that the Communist Chinese leadership was targeting the United States with nuclearweapons.