Or status existed prior to but ceased before or was

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Fraud Examination
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Chapter 7 / Exercise 8
Fraud Examination
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or status existed prior to but ceased before, or was acquired subsequent to but did not exist at the time of, the institution of the case. The private respondent, being no longer the husband of petitioner by virtue of the
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Fraud Examination
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Chapter 7 / Exercise 8
Fraud Examination
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divorce he filed in Germany, had no legal standing to commence the adultery case under the imposture that he was the offended spouse at the time he filed suit. The allegation of private respondent that he could not have brought this case before the decree of divorce for lack of knowledge, even if true, is of no legal significance or consequence in this case. When said respondent initiated the divorce proceeding, he obviously knew that there would no longer be a family nor marriage vows to protect once a dissolution of the marriage is decreed. D. Crimes Against the Civil Status of Persons Simulation of births People of the Philippines vs. Sangalang 74 OG 5977 NATURE: This is an appeal from the decision of the then Court of First Instance of Batangas, Branch IV finding appellant Venancio Ramilo y Sangalang guilty beyond... reasonable doubt of the crime of rape and sentencing him to suffer the penalty of reclusion perpetua and to indemnify the offended party, Hilaria V. Sangalang, the sum of P12,000.00. FACTS: That on or about the 11th day of October, 1975 at about 1:30 am, in Barrio Quiling, Municipality of Talisay, Province of Batangas, Philippines and within the jurisdiction of this Honorable Court, the above- named accused, armed with a short firearm, by using force, threats and intimidation, did then, and there, willfully, unlawfully and feloniously lie with and have carnal knowledge of the said Hilaria V. Sangalang, against her will and consent. She and her uncle proceeded to the Police Station of Talisay, Batangas, and reported the matter to the Chief of Police. The appellant contends that the lower court erred in its appreciation of the prosecution evidence as the complainant's testimony is incredible being fraught with several inconsistencies. ISSUE: Whether an alibi established mainly by the accused himself and his relatives could support the tendered alibi. HELD: The alibi in this case is made more dubious and weak because it is established mainly by the accused himself and his relative-his cousin, and not by credible person who would in the natural order of things be best situated to support the tendered alibi . From the records, we find that the complainant has no motive other than to bring to justice the culprit who grievously had wronged her. It has long been held that no young Filipina of decent repute would publicly admit that she had been criminally abused and ravished unless that is the truth. It is her natural instinct to protect her honor. Bigamy People of the Philippines vs. Aragon 100 Phil 1033 Nature: Appeal from a judgment of the Court of First Instance of Cebu finding appellant guilty of bigamy. The facts are not disputed and, as found by the trial court, are as follows: Facts : On September 28, 1925, the accused, under the name of Proceso Rosima, contracted marriage with a certain Maria Gorrea in the Philippine Independent Church in Cebu. While his marriage with Maria Gorrea

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