The executive branch has a top down administrative structure in which the

The executive branch has a top down administrative

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The executive branch has a top-down administrative structure in which the president exercises a great deal of control over similarly structured administrative agencies. The executive branch is made up of diverse organizations with varying degrees of independence from and control by the president. Presidents operate with a high degree of control over personnel and policy decisions across a wide range of administrative agencies within the executive branch. All bureaucrats within administrative agencies are insulated from party politics and, thus, presidents are really not able to exert much influence over policy goals and policy making. Match the term with the description The first column on each line is empty and is where you will match a term to the description in the second column. Choose one of the following terms listed below and write or type it in the box next to the defintion it best fits. (Hint: you will only use each term once.) Terms: government coperorations; civil service; independent agency; departments Term Description Govt corporation Government agencies that perform services that might be provided by the private sector but involve insufficient financial incentive or are better provided when they are somehow linked to government. Independent agency Executive agencies that are not part of a Cabinet Department. They stand alone and are controlled by varying degrees by the president. Civil service The system by which most appointments to the federal bureaucracy are made, to ensure that government jobs are filled on the basis of merit and that employees are Page 37 of 50
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Study Guide Survey of United States Government and Constitution not fired for political reasons. department The biggest units of the executive branch, covering a broad area of government responsibility. The heads of the departments, or secretaries, form the president's cabinet. Section 13.3 Administrative Policymaking: The Formal Processes Answer the following questions: 1. What is the rule making process? Administratice process that results in the issuance of regulation. 2. How is the rule making process tied to how administrative agencies make policy? Regulations are rules that guide the operation of gov’t programs. When an agency issues regulations, it is using the discretionary authority granted to it by Congress to implement a program or policy enacted into law. Section 13.4 Administrative Policymaking: Informal Processes Mentor Note: We often talk about bureaucracy as if it only exists as part of government. Bureaucracy, however, is something we confront everyday as we encounter complex organizations in our lives. In this section, the authors highlight the importance of culture for understanding how a government agency works. Consider the culture of different private bureaucracies (e.g., Apple or Wells Fargo) as a way of thinking about bureaucracy in general.
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