Urine sugar when blood levels of glucose are very

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Urine Sugar : When blood levels of glucose are very high, some of the glucose may show up in the urine. The glucose and the ketones tests are usually done together. Large amounts of ketones may be present in uncontrolled diabetes. Consult the health care provider. Urine Protein : Finding protein in the urine is probably the best test for screening for kidney disease, although there may be a number of causes for an increased protein level in the urine. Consult the health care provider. Blood : When blood is found in the urine, it may indicate a urinary tract disease or bleeding from the kidneys. However, the cause may also be vigorous physical exercise. If there is no association between exercise and the positive blood findings, consult the health care provider. Bilirubin and Urobilinogen : Bilirubin in the urine is a sign of a liver or bile duct disease, and you should consult the health care provider. Urobilinogen is found in small traces in the urine. If there are large amounts, you should discuss it with the health care provider.
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Nitrates and Leukocytes : Nitrites and leukocytes (white blood cells) are an indication that a urinary tract infection is present, and you should contact the health care provider. Vitamin C : Any vitamin C that the body does not need is excreted in the urine. If there are measurable amounts of Vitamin C in the urine, it may interfere with the other urine tests. One may receive false positives and false negatives on the results. 36.Table 2: Characteristics of Abnormal Urine 37.Characteristic 38.Abnormal Presentation 39.Volume 40.Under 1200 ml: Decreased fluid intake or Kidney failure 41.Over 1500 ml: Diabetes, Diuretics, or Increased fluid intake 42.Color 43.Cloudy: Infection 44.Dark orange: Drugs (e.g., Pyridium) 45.Red or dark brown: Disease process causing blood in urine 46.Turbidity 47.Mucous plugs, viscid, thick indicating infection 48.Odor 49.Offensive indicating infection 50.Sterility 51.Microorganisms present indicating Infection 52.pH 53.Over 8: Urinary tract infection 54.Under 4.5: Uncontrolled diabetes, starvation, dehydration 55.Specific Gravity 56.Under 1.010: Diabetes insipidus, kidney disease, over-hydration 57.Over 1.025: Diabetes mellitus, under-hydration 58.Glucose 59.Abnormal: Diabetes mellitus 60.Ketone Bodies (Acetone) 61.Abnormal: Diabetic coma, starvation, prolonged vomiting 62.Blood 63.Abnormal: Occult, Kidney disease, Hemorrhage 64. 65.Conclusion Questions (5pts each): 66. 1. Urine volume varies depending on what? 2. What makes urine have a higher specific gravity than distilled water? 3. What are considered normal solutes found in urine?
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4. Normal urine contains ____% of water and _______% of solutes? 5. Is normal daytime urine output diluted or concentrated?
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  • Fall '15
  • Dr. Valeria Rus
  • kidneys form urine

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