30.Berkeley's formula is ____.a."Ought implies can"b."When in doubt, reason it out"c."To be is to be perceived"d."What can be known, can be known clearly"Short Answer Please answer the following questions in approximately 1-2 sentences. (one point each)31. What is skepticism?32. In your own words, reconstruct the basic empirical critique of rationalism.33. Explain the philosophical significance of the question “Does a tree falling in the forest make a sound if no one is there to hear it?” 34. Describe capitalism in terms of the relationships of production.35. Thoroughly explain Marx’s concept of alienation.Essay: Please write a two to three- paragraph answer for the following question. (up to five points)A.How does David Hume distinguish between impressions and ideas? How is this distinction important to his philosophy? How does his thinking here relate to his views regarding 1. the self, 2. the external world, and 3. cause and effect? What is your assessment of Hume’s thinking?B.What is the Proletariat? What is the Bourgeoisie? What is surplus value? Employ these concepts to explain what Marx saw as the inherent contradiction in capitalism and how this contradiction is related to his prediction for capitalism. What is your assessment of Marx’s thinking?Extra-Credit: In two to three sentences, please tell me who was your favorite of all the philosophers we discussed this semester and why!(up to three points)
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